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By screening Drosophila mutants that are potentially defective in synaptic transmission between photoreceptors and their target laminar neurons, L1/L2, (lack of electroretinogram on/off transients), we identified ort as a candidate gene encoding a histamine receptor subunit on L1/L2. We provide evidence that the ort gene corresponds to CG7411 (referred to(More)
Histamine (HA) is the photoreceptor neurotransmitter in arthropods, directly gating chloride channels on large monopolar cells (LMCs), postsynaptic to photoreceptors in the lamina. Two histamine-gated channel genes that could contribute to this channel in Drosophila are hclA (also known as ort) and hclB (also known as hisCl1), both encoding novel members of(More)
The recent identification and characterization of two genes, encoding histamine-gated chloride channel subunits from Drosophila melanogaster, has confirmed that histamine is a major neurotransmitter in the fruitfly. One of the cloned genes, hclA (synonyms: HisCl-alpha1; HisCl2), corresponds to ort (ora transientless), mutationsin which affect synaptic(More)
The Drosophila gene hclB encodes a histamine-gated chloride channel, which can be activated by the neurotoxin ivermectin when expressed in vitro. We have identified two novel hclB mutants, carrying either a missense mutation (P293S, allele hclB (T1)) or a putative null mutation (W111*, allele hclB (T2)), as well as a novel splice form of the gene. In(More)
The gene hclB encodes a histamine-gated chloride channel subunit in Drosophila melanogaster. Mutations in hclB lead to defects in the visual system and altered sensitivity to the action of ivermectin. To investigate whether this member of the Cys-loop receptors is common across the Insecta, we analysed the genomes of seven other insect species (Diptera,(More)
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