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Cardiac myosin from thyrotoxic animals (myosin-T) exhibits elevated Ca2+ -ATPase activity which is resistant to further stimulation by sulfhydryl modification. In the present study, we have compared the enzymatic properties of myosin-T with those of myosin from euthyroid rabbits (myosin-N) and the derivatives of myosin-T and myosin-N formed by blocking the(More)
The Ca2+-ATPase activity of cardiac myosin is increased in thyrotoxic animals. However, the physiological significance of this observation is uncertain since, in living muscle, Mg-ATP is hydrolyzed by myosin under the stimulating influence of actin. In this study, we have compared the actin-activated ATPase activity of myosin from euthyroid (myosin-N) and(More)
  • E Morkin
  • 2000
The alpha- and beta-myosin genes extend over 51 kb on chromosome 14 in human and 11 in mouse separated by about 4.5 kb of intergenic sequence. They are located in tandem in the order of their expression during development. Transcription of each gene is independently controlled but coordinately regulated. During each embryogenesis, the beta-MHC gene is(More)
BACKGROUND Because the rat postinfarction model differs from human heart failure with respect to the composition of myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms and other contractile proteins, alternative animal models are needed for the development of new treatments for human heart failure. The purpose of this study was threefold: (1) to test the feasibility of using(More)
Diiodothyropropionic acid (DITPA) is a thyroid hormone analog that is currently in phase II clinical trials. However, there have not been any studies to comprehensively analyze its effect on myocyte morphology. In addition, long-term studies with DITPA have not been done. This study compares the effects of DITPA with L-thyroxine (T4) on chamber remodeling,(More)
The thyroid hormone analogue DITPA is a promising potential new treatment for heart failure. Although the mechanism of action is incompletely determined, it is clear that DITPA improves systolic as well as diastolic function. It is also clear that the effects of DITPA are intrinsic to the muscle and not the result of changes in the structure or geometry of(More)
The Xenopus CNBP homologue (XCNBP) has been cloned from stage 14 neurula. XCNBP encodes a 18.4-kDa protein containing seven highly conserved zinc finger (Zn-finger) repeats (CX2CX4HX4CX2), with sequence similarity to human, mouse, rat, and yeast CNBP. A unique feature of XCNBP is that it contains a 10 amino acid (aa) deletion in the linker region between(More)
Addition of newly synthesized contractile proteins to striated muscle during postnatal life was studied by labeling young rat diaphragms in vitro with (3)H-leucine and extracting the soluble proteins in glycerol. The grain distribution over glycerinated fibers in electron microscopic autoradiographs indicates that new myofibrillar proteins are added about(More)