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Spontaneous magnetoencephalographic activity was recorded in awake, healthy human controls and in patients suffering from neurogenic pain, tinnitus, Parkinson's disease, or depression. Compared with controls, patients showed increased low-frequency theta rhythmicity, in conjunction with a widespread and marked increase of coherence among high- and(More)
This report identifies evidence of partially functional cerebral regions in catastrophically injured brains. To study five patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) with different behavioural features, we employed [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), MRI and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) responses to sensory stimulation.(More)
OBJECTIVE To expand the use of magnetoencephalography (MEG) functional mapping in the operating room as well as preoperatively, a method of integrating the MEG sensorimotor mapping information into a stereotactic database, using computed tomographic scans, magnetic resonance imaging scans, and digital angiography, was developed. The combination of(More)
Odor quality is thought to be encoded by the activation of partially overlapping subsets of glomeruli in the olfactory bulb (odor maps). Mouse genetic studies have demonstrated that olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) expressing a particular olfactory receptor target their axons to a few individual glomeruli in the bulb. While the specific targeting of OSN(More)
Clearly, more clinical experience must be amassed to define in detail the possibilities of this surgical approach in disabling neuropsychiatric disorders. We propose, however, that the evidence for benign and efficient surgical intervention against the neuropsychiatric TCD syndrome is already compelling. The potential appearance of strong postoperative(More)
Major histocompatibility class I (MHCI) molecules are well known for their immunological role in mediating tissue graft rejection. Recently, these molecules were discovered to be expressed in distinct neuronal subclasses, dispelling the long-held tenet that the uninjured brain is immune-privileged. Here, we show that MHCI molecules are expressed in the main(More)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG), a noninvasive functional brain mapping technique, was used for preoperative localization of the sensorimotor cortex in patients harboring lesions involving these eloquent regions. Prior to surgery, MEG source locations were transferred onto high-resolution MRI pictures which were then used for preoperative evaluation, risk(More)
OBJECTIVE Surgical management of cortical lesions adjacent to or within the eloquent cerebral cortex requires a critical risk: benefit analysis of the procedure before intervention. This study introduced a measure of surgical risk, based on preoperative magnetoencephalographic (MEG) sensory and motor mapping, and tested its value in predicting surgical(More)