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The problem of identifying complex epistatic quantitative trait loci (QTL) across the entire genome continues to be a formidable challenge for geneticists. The complexity of genome-wide epistatic analysis results mainly from the number of QTL being unknown and the number of possible epistatic effects being huge. In this article, we use a composite model(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a unique lipid that elicits dramatic reductions in adiposity in several animal models when included at < or = 1% of the diet. Despite a flurry of investigations, the precise mechanisms by which conjugated linoleic acid elicits its dramatic effects in adipose tissue and liver are still largely unknown. In vivo and in vitro(More)
INDIVIDUAL SELECTION BASED ON FEMALE PERFORMANCE ONLY WAS CONDUCTED IN FOUR LINES OF MICE: L(+) for increased litter size, W(+) for increased 6-week body weight, L(-)W(+) for a selection index aimed at decreasing litter size and increasing 6-week body weight and L(+)W(-) for a selection index aimed at increasing litter size and decreasing 6-week body(More)
Heritabilities (ĥ2) and genetic correlations (rG) were estimated by regression of offspring on sire in two replicate, unselected lines of mice. Traits were associated with growth, feed efficiency, fat deposition and lean tissue. The ĥ2 for growth traits ranged from .34 to .42, except for 3-wk body weight, which was only .05. The ĥ2 for feed efficiency was(More)
Lines of mice selected for many generations for high or low growth in several laboratories around the world have been collected, and from these, inbred lines are being developed by recurrent full-sib mating in Edinburgh. There are seven high selected lines and four low lines (each low line is from the same base population as one of the high lines), and the(More)
  • E. J. Eisen, A. M. Saxton
  • 1983
The concept of the genetic correlation for one trait across environments was extended to two environmental factors B and C. Three additive genetic correlations for the same trait were defined: rG, across both environmental factors; rG(B), across C and within B; and rG(C), across B and within C. As genotype x environment variances increase, the genetic(More)
Knowledge about the relationships between relatives for X-chromosomal loci is necessary to compute genetic variances and covariances for the genetic evaluation of individuals for economically important traits in livestock and poultry. Using a unified approach, we derived explicitly the coefficient of inbreeding for individuals and the coefficient of(More)
Gene expression was measured during t10c12-CLA-induced body fat reduction in a polygenic obese line of mice. Adult mice (n = 185) were allotted to a 2 x 2 factorial experiment consisting of either nonobese (ICR-control) or obese (M16-selected) mice fed a 7% fat, purified diet containing either 1% linoleic acid (LA) or 1% t10c12-CLA. Body weight (BW) by day(More)
It is known that ascorbic acid (AA) supplementation can ameliorate the chicken's responses to heat stress. The influence of AA on heart heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) and plasma corticosterone (CS) was evaluated in young male broiler chickens fed either no AA (N-AA) or 500 mg AA /kg (AA) and exposed to cyclic high temperatures (21 to 30 to 21 degrees C) over(More)