Eugene Haydn Walters

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BACKGROUND Allergen and fungal exposures are important risk factors for asthma. We conducted a longitudinal analysis of allergen levels in Melbourne homes between 1996 and 1998 to examine the effects of changing residential characteristics on allergen and fungal levels. We also examined the changes in levels of indoor allergens. METHODS The subjects were(More)
There is controversy about the role of beta-agonists in asthma mortality, and the impact of asthma management plans remains unclear. We compared blood beta-agonist levels in patients dying from asthma with those in controls, and estimated the risks associated with specific classes of medication and patterns of management. We identified 89 asthma deaths and(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE Asthma is a National Health Priority Area in Australia; however, recent evidence suggests that its management remains suboptimal. Community pharmacists are in a unique position to help patients manage asthma, and a number of community pharmacy-based asthma interventions have demonstrated effectiveness with improved patient(More)
AIMS Salbutamol is usually administered as a racemic mixture but little is known about the enantioselectivity of salbutamol pharmacokinetics in the lung. This study was designed to investigate enantiomer concentrations in lung tissue after inhaled dosing. METHODS Horses (n = 12) received racemic salbutamol 1000 μg via inhalation. Enantioselective ultra(More)
Salmeterol (USAN, INN, BAN) is a long-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) widely used in the treatment of airways disease. Although salmeterol is permitted via inhalation by athletes and supratherapeutic dosing may enhance performance, no urine threshold has been established by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Salmeterol is a chiral compound(More)
In conditions characterized by airway inflammation, exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) levels are increased. Variable degrees of airway inflammation are present in stable lung transplant recipients (LTR), and may lead to airway remodeling and chronic graft dysfunction. The hypothesis tested is that in stable LTR, eNO concentrations would reflect the expression of(More)
The addition of long-acting beta(2) agonists to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) therapy in symptomatic patients with asthma improves clinical status more than increasing the dose of ICS. It has been suggested that these benefits could be at the cost of an increase in airway inflammation, but few histopathological studies have been performed in the relevant(More)
The association between childhood immunizations and risk of atopic diseases is unclear. No study has examined possible associations between childhood immunizations and such diseases in middle age. The Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study (TAHS) is a population based cohort study of respiratory disease. The TAHS participants were followed from 7 to 44 yrs of(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reached conflicting conclusions about the role of atopy as a risk factor for COPD. In part, this is attributable to variation in the definitions of airflow limitation and the treatment of people with asthma. OBJECTIVE To establish whether there is any independent association between atopy and post-bronchodilator airflow(More)
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