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At the heart of most computer systems is a file system. The file system contains user data, executable programs, configuration and authorization information, and (usually) the base executable version of the operating system itself. The ability to monitor file systems for unauthorized or unexpected changes gives system administrators valuable data for(More)
Authorship analysis on computer software is a difficult problem. In this paper we explore the classification of programmers' style, and try to find a set of characteristics that remain constant for a significant portion of the programs that this programmer might produce. Our goal is to show that it is possible to identify the author of a program by(More)
In this paper, a process model for digital investigations is defined using the theories and techniques from the physical investigation world. While digital investigations have recently become more common, physical investigations have existed for thousands of years and the experience from them can be applied to the digital world. This paper introduces the(More)
Tripwire is an integrity checking program written for the UNIX environment. It gives system administrators the ability to monitor file systems for added, deleted, and modified files. Intended to aid intrusion detection, Tripwire was officially released on November 2, 1992. It is being actively used at thousands of sites around the world. Published in volume(More)
The Intrusion Detection System architectures commonly used in commercial and research systems have a number of problems that limit their configurability, scalability or efficiency. The most common shortcoming in the existing architectures is that they are built around a single monolithic entity that does most of the data collection and processing. In this(More)
This report presents a prototype architecture for an active derense mechanism for computer systems. The intrusion detection problem is introduced and some of the key aspects of any solution arc explained. Previous allempts to use similar techniques are discussed, and their shortcomings are explained. A new architecture is proposed which uses Genetic(More)
Distributed systems with multiple interacting services, especially e-commerce systems, are suitable targets for malicious attacks because of the potential financial impact. Compared to intrusion detection, automated response has received relatively less attention. In this paper, we present the design of automated response mechanisms in an intrusion tolerant(More)
This paper analyzes a network-based denial of service attack for IP (Internet Protocol) based networks. It is popularly called SYN flooding. It works by an attacker sending many TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) connection requests with spoofed source addresses to a victim's machine. Each request causes the targeted host to instantiate data structures out(More)