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At the heart of most computer systems is a file system. The file system contains user data, executable programs, configuration and authorization information, and (usually) the base executable version of the operating system itself. The ability to monitor file systems for unauthorized or unexpected changes gives system administrators valuable data for(More)
In this paper, a process model for digital investigations is defined using the theories and techniques from the physical investigation world. While digital investigations have recently become more common, physical investigations have existed for thousands of years and the experience from them can be applied to the digital world. This paper introduces the(More)
Authorship analysis on computer software is a difficult problem. In this paper we explore the classification of programmers' style, and try to find a set of characteristics that remain constant for a significant portion of the programs that this programmer might produce. Our goal is to show that it is possible to identify the author of a program by(More)
In this paper, we present a framework for digital forensics that includes an investigation process model based on physical crime scene procedures. In this model, each digital device is considered a digital crime scene, which is included in the physical crime scene where it is located. The investigation includes the preservation of the system, the search for(More)
Tripwire is an integrity checking program written for the UNIX environment. It gives system administrators the ability to monitor file systems for added, deleted, and modified files. Intended to aid intrusion detection, Tripwire was officially released on November 2, 1992. It is being actively used at thousands of sites around the world. Published in volume(More)
This paper analyzes a network-based denial of service attack for IP (Internet Protocol) based networks. It is popularly called SYN flooding. It works by an attacker sending many TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) connection requests with spoofed source addresses to a victim's machine. Each request causes the targeted host to instantiate data structures out(More)
The rapid proliferation of the Internet and the cost-effective growth of its key enabling technologies are revolutionizing information technology and creating unprecedented opportunities for developing large-scale distributed applications. At the same time, there is a growing concern over the security of Web-based applications , which are rapidly being(More)
On the evening of 2 November 1988, someone infected the Internet with a <i>worm</i> program. That program exploited flaws in utility programs in systems based on BSD-derived versions of UNIX. The flaws allowed the program to break into those machines and copy itself, thus <i>infecting</i> those systems. This program eventually spread to thousands of(More)