Eugene D. Bell

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Fibroblasts can condense a hydrated collagen lattice to a tissue-like structure 1/28th the area of the starting gel in 24 hr. The rate of the process can be regulated by varying the protein content of the lattice, the cell number, or the concentration of an inhibitor such as Colcemid. Fibroblasts of high population doubling level propagated in vitro, which(More)
A model of a blood vessel was constructed in vitro. Its multilayered structure resembled that of an artery and it withstood physiological pressures. Electron microscopy showed that the endothelial cells lining the lumen and the smooth muscle cells in the wall were healthy and well differentiated. The lining of endothelial cells functioned physically, as a(More)
A living-skin equivalent useful as a skin replacement and as a model system for basic studies has been fabricated and tested extensively. It consists of two components: (1) a dermal equivalent made up of fibroblasts in a collagen matrix that is contracted and modified by the resident cells, and (2) an epidermis that develops from keratinocytes "plated" on(More)
A skin equivalent model has been used to fabricate tissues with psoriatic and normal cells. Psoriatic fibroblasts can induce hyperproliferative activity in normal keratinocytes. The psoriatic epidermis from lesions continues to proliferate at high rates for at least 15 days in this model, and normal fibroblasts are unable to suppress this(More)
The technology for culture of epidermis is one of the most advanced to date for generation of a tissue in vitro. Cultured epidermis is already used for a number of applications ranging from use as a permanent skin replacement to use as an organotypic culture model for toxicity testing and basic research. While simple epidermal sheets have been grafted(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated in a canine duraplasty model how specific differences in device physicomechanical properties, porosity, and crosslinking influenced the biological performance of three processed collagen dural substitutes. METHODS Three collagen dural substitutes were studied: Dura-Guard, DuraGen, and Durepair. The initial strength, stiffness, and(More)
We have developed a living skin equivalent, which serves as a skin substitute in experimental animals. On application it is rapidly vascularized, it inhibits wound contraction, and it is immunologically tolerated and persists for as long as it is allowed to remain in place. It comes to resemble normal skin, although it lacks secondary derivatives, the cells(More)
The transfer of pigment granules from melanocytes to keratinocytes was studied using a new living skin equivalent (SE) model in vitro. The model was constructed by plating human neonatal melanocytes onto a dermal equivalent (DE) before it was overgrown with keratinocytes. The dermal component of the SE arises in vitro through the action of fibroblasts,(More)
While IMR 90 and AG 1519 fibroblasts of low and high population doubling levels grow to confluency when plated on plastic surfaces, they cease to divide within four days when incorporated into collagen lattices. Growth inhibition in the lattices is not due to exhaustion of the medium or isotope, or to contact inhibition; nor is it due to impermeability of(More)