Eugene C. Deal

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We have hypothesized that it is the total heat flux in the tracheobronchial tree during exercise that determines the degree of postexertional obstruction in asthma, and have developed quanititative expressions that relate these two events. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the observed responses to exercise, while our subjects inhaled dry air at(More)
Multiple aspects of pulmonary mechanics were measured before and after bronchial challenges consisting of hyperpnea with cold air inhalation in 20 normal control subjects, 16 subjects with hay fever, and 44 asymptomatic asthmatics. These challenges had no effect on the lung function of the normal subjects. In the hay fever group, however, postchallenge(More)
It has been hypothesized that calcium antagonists may be useful in the management of airway hyperreactivity. In these studies, we evaluated the effects of verapamil on guinea pig tracheal spirals and parenchymal lung strips in vitro. Preincubation of both tissues with verapamil caused concentration-dependent inhibition of contraction with significant(More)
The effects of resistive loads applied at the mouth were compared to the effects of bronchospasm on ventilation, respiratory muscle force (occlusion pressure), and respiratory sensations in 6 normal and 11 asthmatic subjects breathing 100% O2. External resistive loads ranging from 0.65 to 13.33 cm H2O/liter per s were applied during both inspiration and(More)
The role of vagal efferent activity in the cold air potentiation of exercise-induced asthma was assessed by exercising nine subjects who breathed air at ambient and subfreezing temperatures before and after cholinergic blockade. Lung volumes and maximal expiratory flow volume curves with air and with 80% helium-20% oxygen were obtained before and 5--10 min(More)
We have previously observed that although atropine does not alter the magnitude of the response to exercise while breathing cold air, it does cause the predominant site of obstruction to move into the lung periphery. To determine if this effect was due to changes in the conditioning of inspired air, we measured respiratory heat loss (RHL) and retrotracheal(More)
The intensity of sensations experienced during breathing by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) might influence their ventilatory response to altered lung mechanics. In 8 patients with COPD (mean FEV1, 1.6 +/- 0.6 L SD) the acuity with which changes in intrathoracic pressure were perceived was studied by a standard psychophysical(More)