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CONTEXT Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. The contemporary clinical profile and outcome of PVE are not well defined. OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcome of PVE, with attention to health care-associated infection, and to determine prognostic factors(More)
CONTEXT The global significance of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by Staphylococcus aureus is unknown. OBJECTIVES To document the international emergence of health care-associated S aureus IE and methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) IE and to evaluate regional variation in patients with S aureus IE. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective(More)
There are few Australian data on the incidence of catheter-associated bloodstream infection (BSI) among patients in hematology-oncology units. We found an increase in catheter-associated BSI rates coincident with the introduction of a mechanical valve connector (2.6 infections vs 5.8 infections per 1,000 catheter-days; incidence rate ratio, 2.2; P=.031).
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization currently recommends combined streptomycin and rifampicin antibiotic treatment as first-line therapy for Mycobacterium ulcerans infections. Alternatives are needed when these are not tolerated or accepted by patients, contraindicated, or neither accessible nor affordable. Despite in vitro effectiveness, clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Use of surgery for the treatment of infective endocarditis (IE) as related to surgical indications and operative risk for mortality has not been well defined. METHODS AND RESULTS The International Collaboration on Endocarditis-PLUS (ICE-PLUS) is a prospective cohort of consecutively enrolled patients with definite IE from 29 centers in 16(More)
OBJECTIVES We implemented an opportunistic screening programme for Chlamydia trachomatis amongst patients presenting to a young peoples' health service in the city of Geelong, Australia, to define the prevalence of infection and to identify specific risk factors. METHODS Over a 7-month period sexually active patients attending the young peoples' clinic(More)
CONTEXT Infection of implantable cardiac devices is an emerging disease with significant morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. OBJECTIVES To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of cardiac device infective endocarditis (CDIE) with attention to its health care association and to evaluate the association between device removal during(More)
BACKGROUND Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are an infrequent cause of native valve endocarditis (NVE), and our understanding of NVE caused by CoNS is incomplete. METHOD The International Collaboration on Endocarditis-Prospective Cohort Study includes patients with endocarditis from 61 centers in 28 countries. Patients with definite cases of NVE(More)
To the Editor: A tsunami devastated coastal areas of the Indian Ocean rim in December 2004. Of the affected countries, more than half of the ≈300,000 deaths occurred in the Aceh Province of Indonesia, close to the epi-center of the earthquake near northern Sumatra. Infrastructure, including medical and laboratory facilities, in this region was severely(More)
The clonal composition of Escherichia coli causing extra-intestinal infections includes ST131 and other common uropathogenic clones. Drivers for the spread of these clones and risks for their acquisition have been difficult to define. In this study, molecular epidemiology was combined with clinical data from 182 patients enrolled in a case-control study of(More)