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Police culture, individualism, and community policing: Evidence from two police departments
According to the conventional wisdom, the police culture consists of a set of values, attitudes, and norms that are widely shared among officers, who find in the culture a way to cope with the
Researchers have long noted the link between police culture and coercion. To date, however, there have been no empirical studies of this relationship. Using data collected as part of a systematic
Shedding Light on Police Culture: An Examination of Officers’ Occupational Attitudes
Research on police culture has generally fallen within one of two competing camps—one that depicts culture as an occupational phenomenon that encompasses all police officers and one that focuses on
The Influence of Individual, Job, and Organizational Characteristics on Correctional Staff Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment
As staff performance is vital to the survival of correctional institutions, much empirical attention has been paid to studying the causes and consequences of their attitudes and behaviors. The
Police Education, Experience, and the Use of Force
The findings indicate that varying levels of education and experience are related to differences in the use of coercion in encounters with citizens.
Women Police Officers and the Use of Coercion
Abstract Despite numerous advances in the last thirty years, women police officers continue to face acceptance issues in a male-dominated occupation. Qualitative accounts of policewomen have noted
Examining Less Lethal Force Policy and the Force Continuum
The less lethal coercive power granted to police officers is not without its restrictions. Such limitations are delineated per the United States Supreme Court, via Graham v. Connor, applying the