Eugen Ulrich

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Proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members have been proposed to play a central role in regulating apoptosis. However, mice lacking bax display limited phenotypic abnormalities. As presented here, bak(-/-) mice were found to be developmentally normal and reproductively fit and failed to develop any age-related disorders. However, when Bak-deficient mice were mated(More)
The viability of vertebrate cells depends on survival factors which activate signal transduction pathways that suppress apoptosis. Defects in anti-apoptotic signalling pathways are implicated in many pathologies including cancer, in which apoptosis induced by deregulated oncogenes must be forestalled for a tumour to become established.(More)
Survival signalling by ligand-activated tyrosine kinase receptors plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance between cell viability and apoptosis in multicellular organisms. To identify receptor domains and pathways involved in survival signalling, the nerve growth factor receptor TrkA was expressed in Rat-1/MycERTM fibroblasts. We demonstrate that(More)
V-ErbA, a mutated thyroid hormone receptor (TR) α cooperates with tyrosine kinase oncoproteins to induce fatal erythroleukemia in chicks. In vitro, v-ErbA employs a similar cooperation to induce sustained proliferation and arrest differentiation of committed erythroid progenitors. V-ErbA has been proposed to function as a dominant-negative c-ErbA/TRα, since(More)
Cultured murine lymphoid cells release a PRL-like immunoreactive (IR) protein which may be important in immunity, as anti-PRL antisera inhibit lymphocyte proliferation in vitro. We examined culture supernatants (SNs) and cell lysates from concanavalin A (Con A) activated murine thymocytes to identify these proteins. Western blot analysis of cell lysates(More)
Recent evidence has demonstrated an important immunoregulatory role for pituitary PRL. Moreover, PRLs have been identified as products of transformed human lymphocyte cell lines and normal murine lymphocytes, and implicated as regulators of their proliferative responses. However, PRL synthesis by normal human lymphocytes has not yet been reported. Here we(More)
To facilitate the creation of Bak knockout mice and the further analysis of this Bcl-2 family member, we have isolated and sequenced the complete mouse Bak cDNA. The cDNA is 2 kb long and shares an overall nucleotide identity to the human Bak cDNA of 62%. The mouse Bak protein is 208 amino acids long with a predicted molecular weight of 23 kDa. The mouse(More)
In order to identify genomic changes associated with an etoposide resistance acquisition, we used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to compare a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line, A549 wild type, and three sublines, A549-VP1-3, exposed to increasing concentrations of the topoisomerase II inhibitor, VP16. R-banding karyotype, fluorescence in situ(More)
BACKGROUND Although recent evidence suggests that prolactin is important in the immune response, bidirectional communication between prolactin and the immune system has not been demonstrated previously. We examined our hypothesis that this communication exists during mouse skin allograft rejection. METHODS Serum prolactin levels were measured by bioassay,(More)