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The therapeutical potential of transplantation of undifferentiated and predifferentiated murine embryonic stem cells for the regeneration of the injured brain was investigated in two rodent stroke models. Undifferentiated embryonic stem cells xenotransplanted into the rat brain at the hemisphere opposite to the ischemic injury migrated along the corpus(More)
Cellular cardiomyoplasty is an attractive option for the treatment of severe heart failure. It is, however, still unclear and controversial which is the most promising cell source. Therefore, we investigated and examined the fate and functional impact of bone marrow (BM) cells and embryonic stem cell (ES cell)-derived cardiomyocytes after transplantation(More)
In contrast to terminally differentiated cardiomyocytes, relatively little is known about the characteristics of mammalian cardiac cells before the initiation of spontaneous contractions (precursor cells). Functional studies on these cells have so far been impossible because murine embryos of the corresponding stage are very small, and cardiac precursor(More)
BACKGROUND Cellular cardiomyoplasty is discussed as an alternative therapeutic approach to heart failure. To date, however, the functional characteristics of the transplanted cells, their contribution to heart function, and most importantly, the potential therapeutic benefit of this treatment remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine ventricular(More)
The first organ system to be established in early embryogenesis is the cardiovascular system which develops upon interaction with hypoblastic cells of the primitive endoderm. Here we focus on recent work on embryoid bodies derived from pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells. Ca(2+) oscillations and Ca(2+) signalling pathways during the differentiation of(More)
This study is based on the unique potential of pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells to differentiate in vitro into embryoid bodies containing cell lineages representative of most cell types found in the mammalian fetus. However, the use of wild type ES cells as an in vitro assay for embryotoxicological studies is complicated by the simultaneous development(More)
Cardiovascular side effects are critical in drug development and have frequently led to late-stage project terminations or even drug withdrawal from the market. Physiologically relevant and predictive assays for cardiotoxicity are hence strongly demanded by the pharmaceutical industry. To identify a potential impact of test compounds on ventricular(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells may represent an alternative source of functionally intact cardiomyocytes for the causal treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, this requires cardiac-specific differentiation of stem cells and the selection of pure lineages consisting of early embryonic cardiomyocytes. Therefore, an understanding of the basic mechanisms of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent progress in the cardiotypic differentiation of embryonic and somatic stem cells opens novel prospects for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel surgical approach that allows standardized cellular cardiomyoplasty in mouse with low-perioperative mortality. METHODS Reproducible(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cardiac toxicity is a major concern in drug development and it is imperative that clinical candidates are thoroughly tested for adverse effects earlier in the drug discovery process. In this report, we investigate the utility of an impedance-based microelectronic detection system in conjunction with mouse embryonic stem cell-derived(More)