Eugènia Negredo

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The precise effects of HIV-1 on the gut microbiome are unclear. Initial cross-sectional studies provided contradictory associations between microbial richness and HIV serostatus and suggested shifts from Bacteroides to Prevotella predominance following HIV-1 infection, which have not been found in animal models or in studies matched for HIV-1 transmission(More)
BACKGROUND Efavirenz has been associated with neuropsychiatric disorders, although little is known about its long-term toxicity. OBJECTIVE To assess neuropsychiatric disorders and their relation to efavirenz plasma levels as well as quality of life, psychologic status, and adherence in HIV-infected patients on long-term efavirenz-based antiretroviral(More)
Lipodystrophy is one of the foremost concerns among the HIV-positive population, and is often associated with psychosocial disorders. We evaluated the clinical efficacy of facial infiltrations with autologous fat, polylactic acid, and polyacrylamide gel using clinical inspection and facial photographs (ordinal scale). Additionally, we assessed the safety of(More)
BACKGROUND Mathematical modeling has suggested that alternating antiretroviral regimens while patients' viral load remains suppressed would minimize HIV resistance mutations. OBJECTIVE To compare alternation of antiretroviral regimens with the current standard of switching regimens after viral load rebound. DESIGN Randomized, multicenter, open-label,(More)
BACKGROUND Simpler and less toxic antiretroviral strategies are needed to maximize treatment compliance without sacrificing potency, at least for drug-experienced HIV-infected patients currently on regimens containing protease inhibitors (PIs). Small nonrandomized studies have suggested a beneficial role of PI-sparing regimens on lipodystrophy. OBJECTIVES(More)
This multicentre, randomized, open-label, prospective trial is evaluating the effects of switching treatment from a protease inhibitor (PI)-containing regimen to one containing the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor nevirapine in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with durable viral suppression but suffering from(More)
BACKGROUND Although efavirenz and lopinavir/ritonavir(r) are both recommended antiretroviral agents in antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected patients, there are few randomized comparisons of their efficacy and tolerability. METHODS A multicenter and randomized study was performed including 126 antiretroviral-naïve patients, randomly assigned to(More)
Infiltrations with synthetic substances are effective strategies for repairing facial lipoatrophy. However, few data are available on long-term safety. We describe the safety of polyacrylamide hydrogel in 145 patients who received facial infiltrations with Aquamid from September 2002 to April 2004. Epidemiological, clinical (mainly complications), and(More)
The aim of this open-label, fixed-sequence study was to investigate the potential of Echinacea purpurea, a commonly used botanical supplement, to interact with the boosted protease inhibitor darunavir-ritonavir. Fifteen HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy including darunavir-ritonavir (600/100 mg twice daily) for at least 4 weeks were(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic HIV infection leads to premature atherosclerosis. Arterial stiffness is considered a subclinical marker of cardiovascular disease. METHODS Pulse wave velocity (PWV) was determined in 254 individuals (174 HIV-infected patients and 80 healthy controls, 2:1 matched by age and gender) to compare the prevalence of arterial stiffness and to(More)