Eudice Goldberg

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PURPOSE To evaluate, by gender, the impact of a structured, comprehensive risk reduction intervention with and without boosters on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge, attitudes and behaviors in incarcerated youth; and to determine predictors of increasing HIV knowledge and reducing high-risk attitudes and behaviors. METHODS This randomized(More)
PURPOSE Half of new HIV infections worldwide occur among young people. Youth, particularly young women aged 15-29 years, represent a growing population to experience HIV. This study investigated HIV-positive youths' perceptions of, and experiences with, antiretroviral treatment. METHODS A community-based, participatory approach was used to conduct a mixed(More)
PURPOSE The purposes of this study were: (a) to identify human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in Toronto street youth through paired blood and saliva specimens; (b) to identify the HIV risk and prevention behaviors of street involved youth; and (c) to identify demographic or other factors that may contribute to the risk of street youth becoming(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescents present many challenges in providing them effective preventive services and health care. Yet, they are typically the early adopters of new technology (eg, the Internet). This creates important opportunities for engaging youths via eHealth. OBJECTIVE To describe how adolescents use technology for their health-information needs,(More)
To determine the prevalence of substance use in adolescents with eating disorders, compare the results with a data set of Ontario high school students, and explore why adolescents with eating disorders do, or do not, use various substances. From January 1999 to March 2000, 101 female adolescents who met the DSM-IV criteria for an eating disorder were(More)
BACKGROUND Globally, half of all new HIV infections occur among young people. Despite this incidence, there is a profound lack of resources for HIV-positive youth. OBJECTIVE To investigate Internet access, use and acceptability as means for health promotion and health service delivery among HIV-positive youth. METHODS A community-based participatory(More)
Hepatitis B and human immunodeficiency virus are transmitted by venereal contact or by the sharing of used needles during drug use. A questionnaire was administered to street youths admitting to prostitution and to a group denying prostitution, as well as to sexually active adolescents who lived with their family and were attending an adolescent medical(More)
BACKGROUND Globally, half of all new HIV infections occur among youth under 25. As of June 30, 2002, more than 13,000 youth and young adults had tested positive for HIV in Canada. Despite this prevalence, there is a lack of resources for Canadian HIV-positive youth. OBJECTIVE To investigate what can be done to better support the needs of HIV-positive(More)
BACKGROUND Reform of mental health legislation for England and Wales is due. MHRTs offer an important check in the balance between patient and public rights. AIMS To study the quantity and outcome of MHRTs in special (high-security) hospitals. METHOD Data were extracted from the records of 1670 patients detained under mental illness or psychopathic(More)
PURPOSE Hypercarotenemia and transaminitis are reported as laboratory features of anorexia nervosa. However, the specificity and sensitivity of an elevation in serum carotene and transaminase are not known. Therefore, a prospective study was undertaken to determine the clinical utility of these serum markers. METHODS Serum carotene was measured in 46(More)