Eudice E. Fontenot

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Acute renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy can complicate cardiopulmonary bypass in children. Peritoneal dialysis has been shown to stabilize electrolytes and improve fluid status in these patients. To assess dialysis adequacy in this setting, we prospectively measured Kt/V and creatinine clearance in five patients (6–839 days of age) requiring(More)
OBJECTIVES Postoperative low cardiac output may persist after repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) because of a relatively small and non-compliant left atrium and left ventricle. We examined the effects of selective vertical vein patency on postoperative hemodynamics. METHODS Thirty-four patients less than 3 months of age with TAPVD(More)
We evaluated whether near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measurement from the flank correlates with renal vein saturation in children undergoing cardiac catheterization. Thirty-seven patients <18 years of age were studied. A NIRS sensor was placed on the flank, and venous oxygen saturations were measured from the renal vein and the inferior vena cava (IVC).(More)
We evaluated the relationship between regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) cerebral oximeter with superior vena cava (SVC), inferior vena cava (IVC), right atrium (RA), and pulmonary artery (PA) saturation measured on room air and 100% inspired oxygen administered via a non-rebreather mask (NRB) in(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical approach to tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) continues to evolve and now many centers favor early repair for TOF. METHODS Our experience includes 82 consecutive patients less than 1 year old with TOF (n = 74) and TOF with pulmonary atresia (n = 8) who were operated on between January 1992 and March 1998. Mean age at repair was 5.2 +/- 1.2(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with refractory cardiopulmonary failure may benefit from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, but extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is not available in all medical centers. We report our institution's nearly 20-yr experience with interhospital extracorporeal membrane oxygenation transport. DESIGN Retrospective review. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate indications, process, interventions, and effectiveness of patients undergoing intrahospital transport. Critically ill patients supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation are transported within the hospital to the radiology suite, cardiac catheterization suite, operating room, and from one intensive care unit to another. No(More)
We report the aneurysmal dilation of the ascending aorta and the main pulmonary artery in 2 children with Kabuki syndrome. In 1 patient, there was progressive aneurysmal dilation of the ascending aorta necessitating aortoplasty. Histologic examination of the resected aorta revealed disrupted and fragmented elastic fibers in the medial layer, along with(More)
Our objective was to evaluate morbidity and mortality associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children with genetic syndromes and heart disease. We conducted a retrospective review of all children with heart disease and genetic syndromes receiving ECMO during the period January 2000 and March 2012 at Arkansas Children's Hospital,(More)
OBJECTIVE Many centers are able to emergently deploy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as support in children with refractory hemodynamic instability, but may be limited in their ability to provide prolonged circulatory support or cardiac transplantation. Such patients may require interhospital transport while on ECMO (cardiac mobile [CM]-ECMO) for(More)