Euan S. Graham

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The therapeutic potential of cannabinoids in Huntington's disease (HD) has been investigated by several groups with complex and sometimes contrasting results. We sought to examine key points of intersection between cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB(1)) signalling, survival and the formation of mutant huntingtin aggregates in HD. (More)
It is commonly accepted from gene expression studies that the CB2 receptor is expressed by most cell types of the rodent and human immune system. However, the exact identity of cells expressing CB2 receptor protein in human blood or the abundance of receptors expressed by each immune subset is not well characterised. We conducted a detailed analysis of CB2(More)
Astrocytes are a very important cell type in the brain fulfilling roles in both neuroimmunology and neurotransmission. We have conducted the most comprehensive analysis of secreted cytokines conducted to date (astrocytes of any source) to determine whether astrocytes derived from the human Ntera2 (NT2) cell-line are a good model of human primary astrocytes.(More)
The study of endogenous cannabinoid CB1 receptor proteins in neuronal tissues and cells relies on the availability of highly specific antibodies. We have tested the ability of a series of CB1 antibodies to detect endogenous receptors in brain as well as hemagglutinin (HA)-tagged receptors transfected into HEK-293 cells using a combination of immunological(More)
We have conducted the first profiling of human Natural Killer (NK) cell mediated killing of astrocytes using xCELLigence technology. The sensitivity and applicability of xCELLigence was compared to lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and time-lapsed microscopy to validate the killing events. The xCELLigence technology uses electrical impedance measurements(More)
Neuro2a cells endogenously express cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptors. CB1 stimulation with HU210 activated ERK and induced the transcription factor Krox-24. A functional MEK-ERK pathway is an important requirement for CB1-mediated Krox-24 induction as blockade of MEK signaling by UO126 reduces both basal and CB1-mediated activation of Krox-24. CB1 receptor(More)
Cannabinoid Receptor 1 (CB(1)), an abundant G-protein coupled receptor in the CNS, is currently of significant interest as a therapeutic target. Although the cellular control of receptor trafficking is intimately linked with drug effects, CB(1) trafficking is poorly defined in the current literature and conflicting evidence exists as to whether CB(1) should(More)
The vasculature of the brain is composed of endothelial cells, pericytes and astrocytic processes. The endothelial cells are the critical interface between the blood and the CNS parenchyma and are a critical component of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). These cells are innately programmed to respond to a myriad of inflammatory cytokines or other danger(More)
Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) is strongly induced following brain injury and polarises microglia to an anti-inflammatory phenotype. Augmentation of TGFβ1 responses may therefore be beneficial in preventing inflammation in neurological disorders including stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. However, several other cell types display immunogenic(More)
It is estimated that the adult human brain contains 100 billion neurons with 5-10 times as many astrocytes. Although it has been generally considered that the astrocyte is a simple supportive cell to the neuron, recent research has revealed new functionality of the astrocyte in the form of information transfer to neurons of the brain. In our previous work(More)