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Pharmaceutical manipulation of cAMP levels exerts beneficial effects through the regulation of the exchange protein activated by cAMP (EPAC) and protein kinase A (PKA) signalling routes. Recent attention has turned to the specific regulation of EPAC isoforms (EPAC1 and EPAC2) as a more targeted approach to cAMP-based therapies. For example, EPAC2-selective(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the actin binding protein, ezrin, and the cAMP-sensor, EPAC1, cooperate to induce cell spreading in response to elevations in intracellular cAMP. To investigate the mechanisms underlying these effects we generated a model of EPAC1-dependent cell spreading based on the stable transfection of EPAC1 into HEK293T(More)
We have identified a conserved nuclear pore localisation signal (NPLS; amino acids 764-838 of EPAC1) in the catalytic domains of the cAMP-sensors, EPAC1 and EPAC2A. Consequently, EPAC1 is mainly localised to the nuclear pore complex in HEK293T cells where it becomes activated following stimulation with cAMP. In contrast, structural models indicate that the(More)
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