Euan M Wallace

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The amnion is the inner of two membranes surrounding the fetus. That it arises from embryonic epiblast cells prior to gastrulation suggests that it may retain a reservoir of stem cells throughout pregnancy. We found that human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) harvested from term-delivered fetal membranes express mRNA and proteins present in human embryonic(More)
Embryo implantation and trophoblast invasion are tightly regulated processes, involving sophisticated communication between maternal decidual and fetal trophoblast cells. Decidualization is a prerequisite for successful implantation and is promoted by a number of paracrine agents, including activin A. To understand the downstream mechanisms of(More)
Delayed cord clamping improves circulatory stability in preterm infants at birth, but the underlying physiology is unclear. We investigated the effects of umbilical cord clamping, before and after ventilation onset, on cardiovascular function at birth. Prenatal surgery was performed on lambs (123 days) to implant catheters into the pulmonary and carotid(More)
The collection and use of stem cells from the fetal membranes as cell therapy for a variety of lung diseases, including preterm lung disease, have been previously proposed. To date, only cells from term amnion have been assessed. In the setting of a future therapy for the preterm neonate, it would be ideal if autologous cells could be given. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND In screening for Down's syndrome in the second trimester of pregnancy, the concentrations of alpha-fetoprotein, the beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin, and intact human chorionic gonadotropin in material serum are widely used markers. We investigated a new marker, dimeric inhibin A, and compared its predictive value with that of the(More)
Inhibin has been postulated to be secreted by Sertoli cells in response to follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and in turn to exert an inhibitory effect on FSH production. We have investigated this relationship using an assay specific for dimeric inhibin B. A total of 56 normal men received 200 mg testosterone enanthate (TE) i.m. weekly, for 65 +/- 1 weeks(More)
Activin A levels are elevated in maternal serum of pregnant women with hypertensive disturbances. Because follistatin is a circulating binding protein for activin A, the present study was designed to evaluate whether serum follistatin and activin A levels also change in patients with hypertensive disorders in the last gestational trimester. The study design(More)
RATIONALE Chronic lung disease characterized by loss of lung tissue, inflammation, and fibrosis represents a major global health burden. Cellular therapies that could restore pneumocytes and reduce inflammation and fibrosis would be a major advance in management. OBJECTIVES To determine whether human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs), isolated from term(More)
To investigate the role of inhibin in the control of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion, we have measured levels of immunoreactive inhibin (ir-inhibin), inhibin B, Pro-alpha C containing inhibins, FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone in twelve men with hematological malignancies before, during, and after chemotherapy. Inhibin B levels(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal growth restriction complicates about 5% of pregnancies and is commonly caused by placental dysfunction. It is associated with increased risks of perinatal mortality and short-term and long-term morbidity, such as cerebral palsy. Chronic in utero hypoxaemia, inflammation and oxidative stress are likely culprits contributing to the long-term(More)