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Cytogenetic analysis was performed in 4860 chorionic villus samples by means of both direct preparation and long-term culture. The results of the analysis were compared with a classification including all theoretical types of combinations between the chromosomal constitution of the cytotrophoblast, extraembryonal mesoderm, and fetus, with the aim of(More)
Due to technical difficulties in performing amniocentesis before the 12th week of pregnancy, very little is known about the components of human amniotic fluid before that time. Amniocentesis was performed between the 7th-11th week of gestation in 25 informed and consenting patients, who had to undergo therapeutic interruption of pregnancy. The cells from(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the value of sonographic measurement of fetal humerus and femur lengths in the second trimester as a screening tool for Down syndrome (DS). We reviewed retrospectively fetal sonographic biometry made at the time of amniocentesis between 15 and 19 weeks. The study group consisted of 27 DS fetuses. The control group(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prenatal detection of chromosomal abnormalities by fetal ultrasonographic examination in a large database provided by 19 Registries of Congenital Anomalies from 11 European countries. This study included 1738 cases of chromosomal abnormalities, liveborn, stillborn or termination of pregnancy regardless of(More)
This study evaluated the prenatal diagnosis of Turner syndrome by ultrasound examination in an unselected population from all over Europe. Data from 19 congenital malformation registries from 11 European countries were analyzed. Turner syndrome was diagnosed in 125 cases (7.2%) in a total of 1,738 chromosome abnormalities. Sixty-seven percent of cases were(More)
Our purpose was to compare two different methods of expressing nuchal translucency (NT) measurements in first-trimester screening for trisomy 21: the difference in millimeters from the median of nuchal translucency (delta value: delta NT) and the multiple of the expected median (MoM). Fetal nuchal translucency was measured in 32 fetuses with trisomy 21 and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of first-trimester biochemical screening for trisomy 18, by using pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in combination with maternal age. Maternal serum levels of PAPP-A and free beta-hCG were assayed retrospectively in stored sera from 323(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prenatal detection of rare chromosomal autosomal abnormalities by ultrasound (US) examination. Data were obtained from 19 congenital malformation registries from 11 European countries, between 01/07/96 and 31/12/98. A total of 664,340 births were covered and 7,758 cases with congenital malformations were(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of ultrasound scanning to the prenatal detection of trisomy 21 in a large unselected European population. Data from 19 congenital malformation registers in 11 European countries were included. The prenatal ultrasound screening programs in the countries ranged from no routine screening to three(More)
Fetal heart rate (FHR) variability appears to be an "early warning system" of fetal hypoxia. FHR variability has been utilized in clinical practice to examine fetal wellbeing. Since 1976 we have used a standardized scoring system to evaluate the cardiotocograph. To eliminate subjective aspects in FHR variability analysis we propose a programmable device(More)