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To clarify the alterations of tau, amyloid beta protein (A beta) 1-40 and A beta1-42(43) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that accompany normal aging and the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), CSF samples of 93 AD patients, 32 longitudinal subjects among these 93 AD patients, 33 patients with non-AD dementia, 56 with other neurological diseases, and(More)
A soluble form of Alzheimer disease amyloid beta-protein (sA beta) is transported in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid mainly complexed with apolipoprotein J (apoJ). Using a well-characterized in situ perfused guinea pig brain model, we recently obtained preliminary evidence that apoJ facilitates transport of sA beta (1-40)-apoJ complexes across the(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid samples from a total of 157 subjects consisting of 55 patients with sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), 34 normal controls, 23 patients with non-AD dementia, and 45 with other neurological diseases were examined by ELISA of tau, A beta 1-40, and A beta 1-42(43). The AD group had a significantly higher level of tau than the normal control(More)
About 90% of the soluble amyloid beta (sA beta) that circulates in normal human plasma is associated with lipoprotein particles. In sporadic Alzheimer's disease patients, free sA beta42 but not sA beta40 is increased approximately 2.3-fold compared with age-matched controls, although a more marked elevation (approximately 8-fold for free sA beta40 and about(More)
We examined the distribution of Pael-R, a newly identified substrate for Parkin, in Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). Pael-R, Parkin, alpha-synuclein, and ubiquitin accumulated in Lewy bodies (LBs) and neurites. Pael-R was localized in the core of LBs. Parkin and alpha-synuclein accumulated in the halo, neuronal cell bodies, and(More)
To discover susceptibility genes of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), we conducted a 3-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) using three populations: Japanese from the Japanese Genetic Consortium for Alzheimer Disease (JGSCAD), Koreans, and Caucasians from the Alzheimer Disease Genetic Consortium (ADGC). In Stage 1, we evaluated data for 5,877,918(More)
The amyloid fibrils deposited in Alzheimer's neuritic plaque cores and cerebral blood vessels are mainly composed of aggregated forms of a unique peptide, 39-42 amino acids long, named amyloid beta (A beta). A similar, although soluble, A beta ('sA beta') has been identified in cerebrospinal fluid, plasma and cell supernatants, indicating that it is(More)
Clinical diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is provided by the criteria of DSMIV and clinical progress in addition to imaging analysis with MRI after negative screening. The final exclusive diagnosis is confirmed by the neuropathological findings of neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques in autopsy brains. We developed a new ELISA system to measure(More)
A large scale multicenter study of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau levels was conducted to determine the cut-off value, sensitivity and specificity for clinical usage as a biomarker of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Its use for early and differential diagnosis and the factors that increase CSF tau levels were also examined. CSF samples from a total of 1,031(More)
Familial Alzheimer disease-causing mutations in the presenilins increase production of longer pathogenic amyloid beta-peptides (A beta(42/43)) by altering gamma-secretase activity. The mechanism underlying this effect remains unknown, although it has been proposed that heteromeric macromolecular complexes containing presenilins mediate gamma-secretase(More)