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Intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) are relatively rare. Their incidence has been considered to be higher in East Asia than in the United States. This study estimates the incidence of CNS GCTs in Japan and the United States, investigates gender discrepancies in each country, and describes treatment outcomes. Data on primary CNS GCTs from 4 databases were(More)
The prognostic impact of TERT mutations has been controversial in IDH-wild tumors, particularly in glioblastomas (GBM). The controversy may be attributable to presence of potential confounding factors such as MGMT methylation status or patients' treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of TERT status on patient outcome in association with various(More)
Spatial statistics is widely used in fields where analysis of large-scale distributions is performed, such as synoptic meteorology and geostatistics. We constructed a smoothing function as part of a fundamental study aimed at introducing spatial statistics to the Z score map of cerebral blood flow-single photon emission tomography (CBF-SPET) and examined(More)
To estimate or test the treatment effect in randomized clinical trials, it is important to adjust for the potential influence of covariates that are likely to affect the association between the treatment or control group and the response. If these covariates are known at the start of the trial, random assignment of the treatment within each stratum would be(More)
We compare splitting methods for constructing survival trees that are used as a model of survival time based on covariates. A number of splitting criteria on the classification and regression tree (CART) have been proposed by various authors, and we compare nine criteria through simulations. Comparative studies have been restricted to criteria that suppose(More)
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