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AIM The pathologic feature of aortic aneurysm is considered to be the remodeling of the aortic wall, involving fragmentation and decrease of elastic fibers in the tunica media. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-2 and MMP-9, have been implicated in collagen and elastin degeneration within the aortic wall. The precise relationship among MMPs(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the response to dioxin-induced oxidative stress in neonates via lactation in the model we have described previously. METHODS Maternal rats were treated with a single dose of 50 or 100 micro mol/kg 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the first day postpartum (day 1). Messenger RNA levels of the key(More)
The effects of a large ascorbic acid dose on cytochrome P4501A1 gene expression induced by cigarette smoke exposure was studied in Osteogenic Disorder Shionogi rats, which lack ascorbic acid biosynthesis. The rats were divided into four groups and were administered either a minimal amount (4 mg/day, 4S and 4C) or a large amount (40 mg/day, 40S and 40C) of(More)
Genetic polydactyly/arhinencephaly mouse embryo, Pdn/Pdn, exhibits suppression of Gli3 gene expression. Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a teratogen that causes neural tube defects (NTD) in mice. We investigated gender-dependent differences in the incidence of NTD induced by OTA in the Pdn/Pdn mouse. After administering 2 mg/kg OTA to Pdn/+ female mice, mated with(More)
The genetic polydactyly/arhinencephaly mouse, Pdn/Pdn, exhibits severe polydactyly both in the fore- and hindlimbs, hydrocephalus, and agenesis of the olfactory bulbs, corpus callosum, and anterior commissure. The mechanism of hydrocephalus manifestation in Pdn/Pdn was investigated in the present study. Ink was injected into the left lateral ventricle in(More)
ABSTRACT GLI3 is the gene responsible for Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS), Pallister-Hall syndrome (PHS) and Postaxial polydactyly type-A (PAP-A). Genetic polydactyly mice such as Pdn/Pdn (Polydactyly Nagoya), Xt(H)/Xt(H) (Extra toes) and Xt(J)/Xt(J) (Extra toes Jackson) are the mouse homolog of GCPS, and Gli3(tmlUrtt)/Gli3(tmlUrt) is produced(More)
The phenotype of the genetic polydactyly/ arhinencephaly mouse (Pdn/Pdn) is similar to Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS), whose responsible gene is GLI3. Suppression of Gli3 gene expression has been observed in the Pdn/Pdn and integration of retrotransposon in Gli3 gene in the Pdn mouse has been reported. Thus, the responsible gene for Pdn/Pdn is(More)
The phenotype of the genetic polydactyly/arhinencephaly mouse (Pdn/Pdn) is similar to Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS), which is induced by mutation of GLI3. Suppression of Gli3 gene expression has been observed in Pdn/Pdn. Thus, the gene responsible for Pdn/Pdn has been considered to be Gli3. Recently, the mutation point was demarcated, that is,(More)
Cigarette smoking causes many chronic diseases but is a preventable risk factor in developing countries. However, it may be possible to relieve the smoke-induced damage by increasing the protective defense system. As vitamin C intake reduces smoking risk, it is recommended that smokers should take more vitamin C. However, the molecular mechanism of vitamin(More)
The responsible gene of genetic polydactyly/arhinencephaly mouse (Pdn/Pdn) is Gli3. Pdn/Pdn exhibits absence of the olfactory bulb, suggesting telencephalic dysmorphogenesis. It has been cleared that a transposon was inserted into intron 3 of the Gli3 gene in the Pdn mouse. Adequate PCR primers in the intron 3 and transposon allowed us to discriminate +/+,(More)