Etsuko Uematsu

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Increasing evidence indicates that inflammation contributes to the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is produced abundantly in local inflammatory lesions while C-reactive protein (CRP) is produced mainly in the liver. In this study, we investigated whether a local level of PTX3 might be a sensitive marker for the local(More)
BACKGROUND Telmisartan is a well-established angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker that improves insulin sensitivity in animal models of obesity and insulin resistance, as well as in humans. Telmisartan has been reported to function as a partial agonist of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ, which is also targeted by the nicotinamide(More)
Telmisartan exerts anti-metabolic effects beyond its angiotensin receptor blockade activities, but the mechanisms have hitherto remained elusive. We sought to elucidate the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ)-dependent and PPAR-γ-independent mechanisms underlying the anti-metabolic effects of telmisartan in white adipose tissue.(More)
ONO-1301, a synthetic prostacyclin agonist with thromboxane synthase inhibitory activity, promotes the production of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by various cell types. Here, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of ONO-1301 in rats with ischemia/reperfusion injury. Ligation of the left anterior descending(More)
Injury to the heart can result in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, fibrosis, and cell death. Myocarditis sometimes progresses to dilated cardiomyopathy. We previously reported that ONO-1301, a synthetic prostacyclin agonist with thromboxane-synthase inhibitory activity, promotes production of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) from various cell types and ameliorates(More)
Exendin-4 is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist that has been used as a drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes. To investigate the effect of exendin-4 on the cardiovascular system, we investigated the impact of exendin-4 on neointimal hyperplasia of the femoral artery after vascular injury. We performed wire-mediated endovascular injury in C57BL/6(More)
BACKGROUND The underlying mechanism of atrial substrate remodeling in atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unknown. In this study, we investigated whether local and systemic levels of microRNA (miR) might be associated with the presence of AF and with left atrial (LA) substrate properties. METHODS Blood from the periphery, pulmonary vein (PV), and left atrial(More)
OBJECTIVES The promotion of adipose tissue inflammation by lifestyle-related diseases such as obesity and diabetes accelerates atherogenesis; however, the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich-containing family, pyrin domain-containing-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome contributes to chronic inflammation in(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous studies have reported altered plasma levels of various microRNAs (miRNAs) in patients with cardiovascular disease, there are no data on the relationship between plasma miRNAs and vulnerable coronary plaque. In this study, we investigated whether plasma miRNAs might be a sensitive marker of coronary plaque vulnerability. (More)
Vagal nerve stimulation has been postulated to confer an antifibrillatory effect. We studied whether ghrelin administration would exert an antiarrhythmic effect via modulation of autonomic nerve activity in rats after acute myocardial ischemia (MI). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to 30 min of ischemia following ligation of the left coronary artery.(More)