Etienne Morel

Learn More
Defects in endosomal sorting have been implicated in Alzheimer's disease. Endosomal traffic is largely controlled by phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate, a phosphoinositide synthesized primarily by lipid kinase Vps34. Here we show that phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate is selectively deficient in brain tissue from humans with Alzheimer's disease and Alzheimer's(More)
The hypnotics, quazepam (a benzodiazepine), brotizolam (a thienotriazolodiazepine), zopiclone (a cyclopyrrolone) and zolpidem (an imidazopyridine) have a common ability to bind to the benzodiazepine recognition site (omega receptor) within the GABAA receptor. For this reason we compared their pharmacological profiles in mice. All compounds shared(More)
Amisulpride, a benzamide derivative, is an antipsychotic drug with a pharmacological profile distinct from that of classical neuroleptics such as haloperidol and from that of another benzamide, remoxipride. In mice, amisulpride antagonized hypothermia induced by apomorphine, quinpirole or (+/-) 7-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetralin, an effect involving(More)
Zolpidem is a new, short-acting hypnotic of imidazopyridine structure which binds selectively to a subpopulation of receptors involved in the action of benzodiazepines [omega 1 (BZ1) sites of the gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptors]. The present study investigated whether tolerance and physical dependence develop after repeated treatment with zolpidem as is(More)
Recent research in molecular biology has demonstrated the complexity of GABAA receptors and shown that benzodiazepine (BZ-omega) receptor subtypes have a structural reality. It is therefore appropriate to ask whether the different pharmacological effects produced by benzodiazepines (anticonvulsant activity, anxiety reduction, motor incoordination, learning(More)
The BZ1 (omega 1)-selective compound, zolpidem, is a clinically effective hypnotic drug with a pharmacological profile which differs from those of benzodiazepine anxiolytics and hypnotics. Zaleplon (CL 284,846) has recently been described as a hypnotic agent which also has BZ1 (omega 1) receptor selectivity. The pharmacological effects of zolpidem and(More)
The phospholipid-binding annexin A2 (AnxA2) is known to play a role in the regulation of membrane and actin dynamics, in particular in the endocytic pathway. The protein is present on early endosomes, where it regulates membrane traffic, including the biogenesis of multivesicular transport intermediates destined for late endosomes. AnxA2 membrane(More)
Early endosomes give rise to multivesicular intermediates during transport toward late endosomes. Much progress has been made in understanding the sorting of receptors into these intermediates, but the mechanisms responsible for their biogenesis remain unclear. Here, we report that F-actin is necessary for transport beyond early endosomes and endosome(More)
Although macroautophagy is known to be an essential degradative process whereby autophagosomes mediate the engulfment and delivery of cytoplasmic components into lysosomes, the lipid changes underlying autophagosomal membrane dynamics are undetermined. Here, we show that phospholipase D1 (PLD1), which is primarily associated with the endosomal system,(More)