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AMPK has emerged as a critical mechanism for salutary effects of polyphenols on lipid metabolic disorders in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Here we demonstrate that AMPK interacts with and directly phosphorylates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBP-1c and -2). Ser372 phosphorylation of SREBP-1c by AMPK is necessary for inhibition of proteolytic(More)
OBJECTIVE Factors governing microRNA expressions in response to changes of cellular environment are still largely unknown. Our aim was to determine whether insulin, the major hormone controlling whole-body energy homeostasis, is involved in the regulation of microRNA expressions in human skeletal muscle. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We carried out(More)
In the present study, we aimed to decipher the mechanisms involved in the transcriptional effect of insulin on the SREBP-1c specific promoter of the human srebf-1 gene. Using luciferase reporter gene constructs in HEK-293 cells (human embryonic kidney cells), we demonstrated that the full effect of insulin requires the presence of SREs (sterol response(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of liver X receptor (LXR) activation on lipid metabolism and insulin action in human skeletal muscle cells prepared from control subjects and from patients with type 2 diabetes. Cultured myotubes were obtained from muscle biopsies of 11 lean, healthy control subjects and ten patients with type 2 diabetes.(More)
Although it is well established that chronic hypoxia leads to an inexorable loss of skeletal muscle mass in healthy subjects, the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in this process are currently unknown. Skeletal muscle atrophy is also an important systemic consequence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the role of hypoxemia in this(More)
Insulin upregulates hexokinase II (HKII) expression in skeletal muscle, and this effect is altered in type 2 diabetic patients. This study was conducted to identify the transcription factors that mediate the effect of insulin on HKII gene expression in human muscle. We have cloned the promoter region of the HKII gene and investigated its regulation in a(More)
The regulation by insulin of the expression of the p85alpha regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) is impaired in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue of type 2 diabetic patients. The gene encoding p85alpha (named grb-1) can generate several variants by alternative splicing, all being able to activate the p110 catalytic subunits of PI(More)
Insulin initiates diverse hepatic metabolic responses, including gluconeogenic suppression and induction of glycogen synthesis and lipogenesis. The liver possesses a rich sinusoidal capillary network with a higher degree of hypoxia and lower gluconeogenesis in the perivenous zone as compared to the rest of the organ. Here, we show that diverse vascular(More)
In this study we have identified the target genes of sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1a and SREBP-1c in primary cultures of human skeletal muscle cells, using adenoviral vectors expressing the mature nuclear form of human SREBP-1a or SREBP-1c combined with oligonucleotide microarrays. Overexpression of SREBP-1a led to significant changes(More)
Germ line alterations in BRCA1 (breast cancer susceptibility gene 1) are associated with an increased susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer. BRCA1 acts as a scaffold protein implicated in multiple cellular functions, such as transcription, DNA repair, and ubiquitination. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for tumorigenesis are not yet fully(More)