Etienne Larger

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The role of autoantigens and that of target organs in which tissue lesions develop remains elusive in most spontaneous models of autoimmune diseases. Whether the presence of target autoantigens is required for the recruitment of autoreactive lymphocytes is unknown in most cases. To evaluate the importance of islet cells in the development of autoimmunity in(More)
OBJECTIVE The expansion of adipose tissue is linked to the development of its vasculature. However, the regulation of adipose tissue angiogenesis in humans has not been extensively studied. Our aim was to compare the angiogenesis associated with subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) from the same obese patients in an in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVE In animal studies, hyperglycemia during fetal development reduces nephron numbers. We tested whether this observation translates into renal dysfunction in humans by studying renal functional reserve in adult offspring exposed in utero to maternal type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We compared 19 nondiabetic offspring of type 1 diabetic(More)
Inactivation of the gene encoding mouse angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), which converts angiotensin I into angiotensin II, results in anemia in adult animals. This anemia is corrected by angiotensin II, demonstrating the involvement of angiotensin II in adult (definitive) erythropoiesis. We investigated the possible role of the renin-angiotensin(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Islet vascularization, by controlling beta-cell mass expansion in response to increased insulin demand, is implicated in the progression to glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes. We investigated how hyperglycaemia impairs expansion and differentiation of the growing pancreas. We have grafted xenogenic (avian) embryonic pancreas in severe(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model and investigate the effect of several demographic covariates on metformin pharmacokinetics in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, over a wide range of weights. A total of 105 patients received different metformin regimens, and pharmacokinetic sampling included a minimum of two(More)
We explored in this study the status and potential role of IL-17-producing iNKT cells (iNKT17) in type 1 diabetes (T1D) by analyzing these cells in patients with T1D, and in NOD mice, a mouse model for T1D. Our analysis in mice showed an increase of iNKT17 cells in NOD vs control C57BL/6 mice, partly due to a better survival of these cells in the periphery.(More)
OBJECTIVE Both the early steps and the high recurrence of autoimmunity once the disease is established are unexplained in human type 1 diabetes. Because CD8(+) T cells are central and insulin is a key autoantigen in the disease process, our objective was to characterize HLA class I-restricted autoreactive CD8(+) T cells specific for preproinsulin (PPI) in(More)
OBJECTIVE Successful treatment of osteomyelitis is more likely with accurate diagnosis and identification of the causative pathogens. This typically requires obtaining a specimen of bone, usually by image-guided biopsy. We sought to develop a simpler bedside method for definitively diagnosing osteomyelitis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Over 2 years, we(More)