Etienne Gaufrès

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Thin layers of black phosphorus have recently raised interest owing to their two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting properties, such as tunable direct bandgap and high carrier mobilities. This lamellar crystal of phosphorus atoms can be exfoliated down to monolayer 2D-phosphane (also called phosphorene) using procedures similar to those used for graphene.(More)
Black phosphorus (bP) is the second known elemental allotrope with a layered crystal structure that can be mechanically exfoliated to atomic layer thickness. Unlike metallic graphite and semi-metallic graphene, bP is a semiconductor in both bulk and few-layer form. Here we fabricate bP-naked quantum wells in a back-gated field effect transistor geometry(More)
We report studies of optical Fabry-Perot microcavities based on semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes with a quality factor of 160. We experimentally demonstrate a huge photoluminescence signal enhancement by a factor of 30 in comparison with the identical film and by a factor of 180 if compared with a thin film containing non-purified (8,7)(More)
Photoluminescence properties of semiconducting single-wall carbon-nanotube (s-SWNT) thin films with different metallic single-wall carbon-nanotube (m-SWNT) concentrations are reported. s-SWNT purified samples are obtained by polymer-assisted selective extraction. We show that the presence of a few m-SWNTs in the sample generates a drastic quenching of the(More)
The use of optics in microelectronic circuits to overcome the limitation of metallic interconnects is more and more considered as a viable solution. Among future silicon compatible materials, carbon nanotubes are promising candidates thanks to their ability to emit, modulate, and detect light in the wavelength range of silicon transparency. We report the(More)
This work revisits the physics giving rise to the carbon nanotube phonon bands in the midinfrared. Our measurements of doped and undoped samples of single-walled carbon nanotubes in Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy show that the phonon bands exhibit an asymmetric line shape and that their effective cross section is enhanced upon doping. We relate(More)
Liquid-phase encapsulation of α-sexithiophene (6T) molecules inside individualized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is investigated using Raman imaging and spectroscopy. By taking advantage of the strong Raman response of this system, we probe the encapsulation isotherms at 30 and 115 °C using a statistical ensemble of SWCNTs deposited on a oxidized(More)
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