Etienne G. Krug

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In 1996, the World Health Assembly declared violence a major public health issue. To follow up on this resolution, on October 3 this year, WHO released the first World Report on Violence and Health. The report analyses different types of violence including child abuse and neglect, youth violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, elder abuse,(More)
In 1996, the World Health Assembly declared violence a major public health issue. To follow up on this resolution, on Oct 3 this year, WHO released the first World Report on Violence and Health. The report analyses different types of violence including child abuse and neglect, youth violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, elder abuse,(More)
This article is a version of the Introduction to the World Report on Violence and Health, published by the World Health Organization (WHO). It presents a general description about this phenomenon and points some basic questions: concepts and definitions about the theme; the state of knowledge about it; nature and typology on violence; proposal of a(More)
BACKGROUND The Forty-Ninth World Health Assembly recently declared violence a worldwide public health problem. Improved understanding of cross-national differences is useful for identifying risk factors and may facilitate prevention efforts. Few cross-national studies, however, have explored firearm-related deaths. We compared the incidence of(More)
The traditional view of injuries as "accidents", or random events, has resulted in the historical neglect of this area of public health. However, the most recent estimates show that injuries are among the leading causes of death and disability in the world. They affect all populations, regardless of age, sex, income, or geographic region. In 1998, about 5.8(More)
OBJECTIVE This study describes epidemiologic patterns of mortality due to suicide, homicide, and war for the world in order to serve as a benchmark against which to measure future progress and to raise awareness about violence as a global public health problem. SETTING The world and its eight major regions. METHOD Data were derived from The Global(More)
Armed conflict between warring states and groups within states have been major causes of ill health and mortality for most of human history. Conflict obviously causes deaths and injuries on the battlefield, but also health consequences from the displacement of populations, the breakdown of health and social services, and the heightened risk of disease(More)
BACKGROUND Among the victims of floods, earthquakes, and hurricanes, there is an increased prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression, which are risk factors for suicidal thinking. We conducted this study to determine whether natural disasters affect suicide rates. METHODS From a list of all the events declared by the U.S. government to(More)
Diabetes is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. In 2012 it caused as many deaths as HIV/AIDS (1·5 million). Disability resulting from diabetes has grown substantially since 1990, with particularly large increases among people aged 15–69 years. People with all types of diabetes are at risk of developing a range of complications that can endanger(More)
CONTEXT Violence-related behaviors such as fighting and weapon carrying are associated with serious physical and psychosocial consequences for adolescents. OBJECTIVE To measure trends in nonfatal violent behaviors among adolescents in the United States between 1991 and 1997. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Nationally representative data from the 1991,(More)