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Flaviviridae are small enveloped viruses hosting a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome. Besides yellow fever virus, a landmark case in the history of virology, members of the Flavivirus genus, such as West Nile virus and dengue virus, are increasingly gaining attention due to their re-emergence and incidence in different areas of the world. Additional(More)
All proprotein convertases (PCs) of the subtilisin/kexin family contain an N-terminal prosegment that is presumed to act both as an intramolecular chaperone and an inhibitor of its parent enzyme. In this work, we examined inhibition by purified, recombinant bacterial prosegments of furin and PC7 on the in vitro processing of either the fluorogenic peptide(More)
Flaviviruses are the causative agents of severe diseases such as Dengue or Yellow fever. The replicative machinery used by the virus is based on few enzymes including a methyltransferase, located in the N-terminal domain of the NS5 protein. Flaviviral methyltransferases are involved in the last two steps of the mRNA capping process, transferring a methyl(More)
SARS-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) genome expression depends on the synthesis of a set of mRNAs, which presumably are capped at their 5' end and direct the synthesis of all viral proteins in the infected cell. Sixteen viral non-structural proteins (nsp1 to nsp16) constitute an unusually large replicase complex, which includes two methyltransferases putatively(More)
Aerolysin is secreted as an inactive dimeric precursor by the bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila. Proteolytic cleavage within a mobile loop near the C terminus of the protoxin is required for oligomerization and channel formation. This loop contains the sequence KVRRAR432, which should be recognized by mammalian proprotein convertases such as furin, PACE4, and(More)
Many eukaryotic and viral mRNAs, in which the first transcribed nucleotide is an adenosine, are decorated with a cap-1 structure, (7Me)G5'-ppp5'-A(2'OMe). The positive-sense RNA genomes of flaviviruses (Dengue, West Nile virus) for example show strict conservation of the adenosine. We set out to produce GpppA- and (7Me)GpppA-capped RNA oligonucleotides for(More)
In the eukaryotic cell, capping of mRNA 5' ends is an essential structural modification that allows efficient mRNA translation, directs pre-mRNA splicing and mRNA export from the nucleus, limits mRNA degradation by cellular 5'-3' exonucleases and allows recognition of foreign RNAs (including viral transcripts) as 'non-self'. However, viruses have evolved(More)
We report high-throughput structure-based virtual screening of putative Flavivirus 2'-O-methyltransferase inhibitors together with results from subsequent bioassay tests of selected compounds. Potential inhibitors for the S-adenosylmethionine binding site were explored using 2D similarity searching, pharmacophore filtering and docking. The inhibitory(More)
The flavivirus RNA genome contains a conserved cap-1 structure, (7Me)GpppA(2'OMe)G, at the 5' end. Two mRNA cap methyltransferase (MTase) activities involved in the formation of the cap, the (guanine-N7)- and the (nucleoside-2'O)-MTases (2'O-MTase), reside in a single domain of non-structural protein NS5 (NS5MTase). This study reports on the biochemical(More)
Viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRps) responsible for the replication of single-strand RNA virus genomes exert their function in the context of complex replication machineries. Within these replication complexes the polymerase activity is often highly regulated by RNA elements, proteins or other domains of multi-domain polymerases. Here, we present(More)