Etienne B. Blanc

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Molecular mechanisms underlying alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are still not fully understood. Activating transcription factor-4 (ATF4) is the master coordinator of the integrated stress response (ISR), an adaptive pathway triggered by multiple stressors. which can promote cell death and induce metabolic dysregulation if the stress is(More)
Disseminated forms of neuroblastoma (NB), a tumor derived from neuroectodermal tissue, pose a major therapeutic challenge for pediatric oncology. By performing a comparative cDNA array analysis of metastatic neuroblasts versus primary xenograft from the human IGR-N-91 NB model, we were able to identify a set of downregulated developmental genes in(More)
Lipin-1 deficiency is associated with massive rhabdomyolysis episodes in humans, precipitated by febrile illnesses. Despite well-known roles of lipin-1 in lipid biosynthesis and transcriptional regulation, the pathogenic mechanisms leading to rhabdomyolysis remain unknown. Here we show that primary myoblasts from lipin-1-deficient patients exhibit a(More)
Neuroblastic tumors (NTs), occurring in early childhood, display a wide spectrum of differentiation. Recurrent deletions involving the p73 locus are frequently observed in undifferentiated NTs. To address the question of the possible implication of p73 in neuroblastic differentiation, we investigated the status of the expression of this gene in a panel of(More)
The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-alpha (C/EBP alpha) is involved in the control of cell differentiation and proliferation, and has been suggested to act as a tumor suppressor in several cancers. By using microarray analysis, we have previously shown that hypoxia and estrogen down-regulate C/EBP alpha mRNA in T-47D breast cancer cells.(More)
Despite intensive high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, disseminated neuroblastoma (NB) frequently proves to be chemosensitive but not chemocurable, and more often so in NB-presenting MYCN amplification. To assess the direct relationship between the MYCN oncogene and chemoresistance acquisition during NB metastatic(More)
p73, the first p53 gene homologue, encodes an array of p73 proteins including p73 alpha full-length (TAp73 alpha) and amino-truncated isoforms (Delta Np73 alpha), two proteins with opposite biological functions. TAp73 alpha can induce tumor suppressive properties, while Delta Np73 alpha antagonizes p53 as well as TAp73 in a dominant-negative manner. In(More)
BACKGROUND To identify new molecular markers of bone marrow dissemination in human neuroblastoma (NB), we studied the transcriptome profiles of malignant neuroblasts established from the human MYCN-amplified IGR-N-91 model. METHODS This experimental model includes human neuroblastoma cells derived from a subcutaneous stage 4 disease, myocardium (Myoc) and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) modulates cell growth and metabolism in a variety of physiopathological conditions. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular mechanisms involved in IGFBP-1 upregulation by ethanol. METHODS We studied IGFBP-1 regulation by ethanol at the protein, mRNA and gene promoter(More)