Etienne A Cartier

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The ATP-sensitive potassium channel (K(ATP)) regulates insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells. Loss of functional K(ATP) channels because of mutations in either the SUR1 or Kir6.2 channel subunit causes persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PHHI). We investigated the molecular mechanism by which a single phenylalanine deletion in SUR1(More)
Synaptic transmission depends on neurotransmitter pools stored within vesicles that undergo regulated exocytosis. In the brain, the vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT(2)) is responsible for the loading of dopamine (DA) and other monoamines into synaptic vesicles. Prior to storage within vesicles, DA synthesis occurs at the synaptic terminal in a(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels of pancreatic beta-cells mediate glucose-induced insulin secretion by linking glucose metabolism to membrane excitability. The number of plasma membrane K(ATP) channels determines the sensitivity of beta-cells to glucose stimulation. The K(ATP) channel is formed in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) on coassembly of(More)
The pancreatic ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel, a complex of four sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) and four potassium channel Kir6.2 subunits, regulates insulin secretion by linking metabolic changes to beta-cell membrane potential. Sulfonylureas inhibit K(ATP) channel activities by binding to SUR1 and are widely used to treat type II diabetes. We(More)
BACKGROUND Syntaxin 1 (STX1) is a presynaptic plasma membrane protein that coordinates synaptic vesicle fusion. STX1 also regulates the function of neurotransmitter transporters, including the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT). The DAT is a membrane protein that controls DA homeostasis through the high-affinity re-uptake of synaptically released DA. METHODS(More)
N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR141716; 1) is a potent and selective antagonist for the CB1 cannabinoid receptor. Using the AM1 molecular orbital method, conformational analysis of 1 around the pyrazole C3 substituent identified four distinct conformations designated Tg, Ts, Cg, and Cs. The(More)
Mutations in the sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1), a subunit of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels, cause familial hyperinsulinism. One such mutation, deletion of phenylalanine 1388 (DeltaPhe-1388), leads to defects in both trafficking and MgADP response of K(ATP) channels. Here we investigated the biochemical features of Phe-1388 that control the(More)
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