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Non-radioactive in situ hybridization is a sensitive method for determining the site of production for secretory molecules such as cytokines. We report here on the central and peripheral induction of proinflammatory cytokines by endotoxin, and outline procedures for the generation and application of rat-specific digoxigenin (Dig)-labelled RNA probes for the(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue remodeling depends on mesenchymal cells (fibroblasts and myofibroblasts) and is a prominent feature of chronic renal-transplant rejection. It is not known whether the mesenchymal cells that participate in remodeling originate locally or from circulating precursor cells. METHODS We obtained biopsy specimens of renal allografts from six(More)
A series of 32 cationic platinum(II) complexes of the form cis-[PtA2(Am)Cl]+, where A is a monodentate (NH3 or i-PrNH2) or A2 is a bidentate (ethylenediamine or 1,2-diaminocyclohexane) amine and Am is either a heterocyclic amine based on a pyridine, pyrimidine, purine, piperidine, or a saturated amine (RNH2) ligand, was prepared and screened against in vivo(More)
Chemical and biological studies are presented for a new series of platinum(II) antitumor agents that violate the classical structure-activity relationships established for platinum complexes. These new agents, which have demonstrated activity against murine and human tumor systems, are cis-[Pt(NH3)2(Am)Cl]+ cations, in which Am is a derivative of pyridine,(More)
A series of platinum complexes of the form cis-M[PtA2(PC)] (I) has been prepared and tested for antitumor activity in mice. Compounds in this series contain either two monodentate amine ligands (A), such as NH3 or isopropylamine, or one bidentate diamine (A2), such as ethylenediamine, 1,2-diaminopropane, or 1,2-diaminocyclohexane. The PC ligand is a(More)
BACKGROUND We have established that mucosal immunoglobulin A (IgA) production is highly dependent on cholecystokinin release and is markedly suppressed by glucocorticoids. The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of cholecystokinin on the functional responsiveness of the mucosal IgA system in glucocorticoid treated rats. METHODS A total of(More)
A coevolutionary balance exists between bacteria within the mammalian gastrointestinal tract and the lining epithelia. Recent advances in the molecular detection of bacteria have demonstrated that under normal circumstances, the lining mucosal epithelium in the gastrointestinal tract is sterile. Under conditions of stress and dietary alteration however, the(More)