Ethel Sau Kuen Ng

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The aim of this study is to characterize the time course of the vascular and morphological changes in arthritic rat knee joints induced by Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA), and to investigate the effects of substance P on these changes. Single unilateral intra-articular injections of 0.1 ml FCA produced swelling of the ipsilateral knees for 4 weeks, blood(More)
The effects of somatostatin on blood flow, plasma extravasation and knee joint sizes in the rat were investigated. Topical bolus administrations of somatostatin (10 pmol-100 nmol) onto the exposed rat knee joint capsules produced dose-dependent increases in knee joint blood flow with an ED(50) value of 1.7 nmol, and a maximum increase of 109.7%. The peak(More)
BACKGROUND The potential clinical application of bone marrow or peripheral blood-derived progenitor cells for cardiovascular regeneration in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is limited by their functional impairment. We sought to determine the mechanisms of impaired therapeutic efficacy of peripheral blood-derived progenitor cells in type 2 DM patients(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Gegen (root of Pueraria lobata) is used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, the relaxant actions of three of its isoflavonoids; puerarin, daidzein, and daidzin, were investigated on rat-isolated cerebral basilar artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rat basilar artery rings were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Current single drug treatments for rheumatoid arthritis have problems of limited efficacy and/or high toxicity. This study investigates the benefits of individual and combined treatments with dexamethasone and substance P and glutamate receptor antagonists in a rat model of arthritis. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Arthritis was induced in(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Danshen (root of Salvia miltiorrhiza) and gegen (root of Pueraria lobata) are two herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, most commonly for their putative cardioprotective and anti-atherosclerotic effects. In this study, the actions of a danshen and gegen formulation (DG; ratio 7:3) were investigated on rat-isolated cerebral basilar(More)
Danshen and Gegen are two commonly used Chinese herbal medicines for treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the combination effects of these two herbs on cerebral vascular tone and their underlying mechanisms of actions. Basilar artery rings were obtained from rats and precontracted with U46619. Cumulative(More)
AIM OF STUDY In this study, we have investigated the analgesic and anti-arthritic effects of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combination of Lingzhi and San Miao San (SMS) in a rat model of arthritis induced by Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were induced with monoarthritis by single unilateral injection of(More)
This study investigates the actions of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (anandamide) on blood flow of the rat knee joint. Topical bolus administration of anandamide (10-1000 nmol) onto the exposed knee joint capsules produced dose-dependent increases in the knee joint blood flow. Various antagonists were tested on the vasodilator response(More)
Ischaemic stroke has become one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. The role of protease activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) in this disease is uncertain. In the present study, the actions of a protease activated receptor-1 activating peptide (PAR-1 AP) SFLLRN-NH2 were investigated in an in vivo rat model of ischaemic stroke induced by middle(More)
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