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Homeobox genes encode transcription factors which function in body axis patterning in the developing embryo. Recent evidence suggests that the maintenance of specific HOX expression patterns is necessary for regulating the homeostasis of adult tissues as well. In this study, HOXB7 transformed human mammary epithelial cells, MCF10A, to grow in minimally(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is increasingly recognized as a mechanism whereby cells in primary noninvasive tumors acquire properties essential for migration and invasion. Microarray analyses of microdissected epithelial cells from bone metastasis revealed a HOXB7 overexpression that was 3-fold higher than in primary breast carcinomas and 18-fold(More)
pRB, the tumor suppressor product of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene, is regarded as one of the key regulators of the cell cycle. This protein exerts its growth suppressive effect through its ability to bind and interact with a variety of cellular proteins. In turn, pRB binding and interacting ability is governed by its phosphorylation state. In(More)
Interactions with cofactors regulate transcriptional activity and also help HOX proteins to achieve the specificity required for transcriptional regulation of target genes. In this study, we describe a novel protein/protein interaction of HOXB7 with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) that involves the homeodomain of HOXB7 and the first zinc finger(More)
The homeobox gene HOXA5 encodes a transcription factor that has been shown to play important roles in embryogenesis, hematopoiesis, and tumorigenesis. In order to decipher downstream signaling pathways of HOXA5, we utilized oligonucleotide microarray analysis to identify genes that are differentially expressed in HOXA5-induced cells compared with uninduced(More)
pRb is dephosphorylated at mitotic exit by the type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatases (PP1). Here we demonstrate for the first time that mitotic pRb dephosphorylation is a sequential, temporally-regulated event. We also provide evidence that the three mammalian isoforms of PP1, α, γ-1, and δ, differ in their respective preferences for site-specific(More)
Based on the oncogenic role of phosphatidylinositol glycan (PIG) class U in human tumors, we explored the role of two additional subunits of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) transamidase complex in human breast cancer. We found that PIG class T (PIG-T) and GPI anchor attachment 1 (GPAA1) were overexpressed in breast cancer cell lines and primary(More)
Intracellular polyamines are absolutely required for cell proliferation and many tumors have abnormal requirements for polyamines. Therefore, the polyamine metabolic pathway represents a rational target for antineoplastic intervention. A number of polyamine analogues act as potent modulators of cellular polyamine metabolism and exhibit encouraging effects(More)
INTRODUCTION Pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection remains the most important cause of AF recurrence after AF ablation. The second-generation cryoballoon catheter's ability to achieve durable PV isolation was assessed in a prospective nonrandomized clinical trial. METHODS AND RESULTS PV isolation was performed by 4-minute ablations. Following verification of(More)
Cell cycle regulation--three words which conjure in the minds of those conducting research in this area a myriad of proteins and biochemical pathways. In this examination, an overview of the mammalian cell cycle is presented with emphasis on the function of the negative growth regulatory protein, the product of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene, pRb.(More)