Ethan W. Ojala

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The Notch receptor and its ligands are involved in many developmental processes. They are highly expressed in the thymus and have been implicated in the CD4 versus CD8 lineage decision. We identified the constitutively active intracellular fragment of murine Notch-1 as capable of rendering thymomas resistant to glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis. This effect(More)
Notch proteins regulate many developmental processes. Notch1 is highly expressed on thymocytes, but its role in regulating their development is not known. We show that activation of Notch1 signaling in CD4+CD8+ double positive thymocytes promotes the maturation of both CD4+ and CD8+ single positive thymocytes and that this occurs in the absence of(More)
We have identified RORgamma t, a novel, thymus-specific isoform of the orphan nuclear receptor RORgamma that is expressed predominantly in CD4+ CD8+ double-positive thymocytes. Ectopic expression of RORgamma t protects T cell hybridomas from activation-induced cell death by inhibiting the upregulation of Fas ligand. Following hybridoma stimulation, RORgamma(More)
High bone mass diseases are caused both by activating mutations in the Wnt pathway and by loss of SOST, a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonist, leading to the activation of BMP signaling. Given the phenotypic similarity between mutations that activate these signaling pathways, it seems likely that BMPs and Wnts operate in parallel or represent(More)
Noggin and sclerostin are bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonists that modulate mitogenic activity through sequestering BMPs. Little is known of the interactions among this class of proteins. We show that recombinant sclerostin and noggin bound to each other with high affinity (K(D) = 2.92 nm). This observation has been extended to naturally expressed(More)
Thymocyte development is a tightly regulated process. CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) immature thymocytes exhibit distinct phenotypic features from mature T cells; they express only 10% of surface TCR that are found on mature T cells and do not proliferate and produce IL-2 in response to stimulation. In this report we show that transgenic expression of the(More)
RasGRP1 is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Ras that is required for the efficient production of both CD4 and CD8 single-positive thymocytes. We found that RasGRP1 expression is rapidly up-regulated in double-negative thymocytes following pre-TCR ligation. Transgenic overexpression of RasGRP1 compensated for deficient pre-TCR signaling in vivo,(More)
Inducible and reversible regulation of gene expression is a powerful approach for uncovering gene function. We have established a general method to efficiently produce reversible and inducible gene knockout and rescue in mice. In this system, which we named iKO, the target gene can be turned on and off at will by treating the mice with doxycycline. This(More)
An analysis system with the Matlab 4.2 system with a filter bank is presented that provides graphically created 2D and 3D views of responses in the frequency, time and amplitude coordinates. Smoothed spectral and noise responses are presented. The start end and maximum TEOAE amplitude latencies are presented graphically and calculated numerically. The fast(More)