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Fungal endocarditis occurs in heroin addicts, patients who have undergone cardiovascular surgery, and patients who are treated for prolonged periods with intravenous fluids and broad spectrum antibiotics. The organisms associated with endocardial infection differ in each of these groups. Candida parapsilosis is the fungal species most commonly isolated from(More)
Fungal endocarditis has become an important infection associated with medical progress and a modern lifestyle. The most common organisms isolated from patients with fungal endocarditis are: Aspergillus spp.; Candida spp. and Torulopsis glabrata. Men are more frequently affected than women and predisposing factors include: previous cardiac surgery,(More)
CONTEXT The global significance of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by Staphylococcus aureus is unknown. OBJECTIVES To document the international emergence of health care-associated S aureus IE and methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) IE and to evaluate regional variation in patients with S aureus IE. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective(More)
A patient with isolated pyogenous arthritis of the acromioclavicular joint (A-C joint) caused by Streptococcus viridans is described. The patient had no underlying disease. Minor trauma preceded shortly the development of the septic process. The patient was treated successfully with surgical drainage and antibiotics. To our knowledge this is the first case(More)
BACKGROUND Telavancin is a lipoglycopeptide bactericidal against gram-positive pathogens. METHODS Two methodologically identical, double-blind studies (0015 and 0019) were conducted involving patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) due to gram-positive pathogens, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Patients were(More)
CONTEXT Widespread pneumococcal conjugate vaccination may bring about epidemiologic changes in upper respiratory tract flora of children. Of particular significance may be an interaction between Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus, in view of the recent emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant S aureus. OBJECTIVE To examine the(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a frequent source of infections affecting premature and critically ill infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Neonates are particularly vulnerable to colonization and infection with MRSA, and many studies have attempted to identify risk factors that predispose certain infants to its(More)
Linezolid, the first oxazolidinone, is active against gram-positive bacteria, including multidrug-resistant strains. This multinational, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial compared the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of linezolid with vancomycin in the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia. A total of 203 patients received intravenous linezolid, 600(More)
We compared ceftazidime monotherapy with ceftriaxone/tobramycin in a prospective, randomized clinical trial that included 580 patients with serious hospital-acquired infections. One-half of the patients had an underlying disease with a rapidly or ultimately fatal prognosis; 40% were nursed in intensive care units. Clinical response among patients with(More)