Ethan M. Braunstein

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Refinements in the pathologic classification of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have led to reevaluation of radiographic findings. Radiographs of 147 patients with NHL were reviewed, and bone destruction was found in 24. Patients with primitive or poorly differentiated tumors were more likely to have bone involvement than patients with well differentiated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine, in subjects with knee pain but no radiographic changes of tibiofemoral or patellofemoral compartment osteoarthritis (OA), whether mean body weight, quadriceps and hamstring strength, lower extremity muscle mass, depression scores, and perceptions of their general health status differed from those of subjects with symptomatic knee OA.(More)
Osteonecrosis, transient osteoporosis, and transient bone marrow edema are closely related diseases that may have an overlapping clinical and radiographic presentation, thus creating difficulty in establishing a diagnosis. Close scrutiny of MR images may aid in distinguishing the pattern of osteonecrosis from other conditions, but in other cases careful(More)
To determine in the elderly the effect of osteoarthritis on bone mineral density (BMD) and on diagnosis of osteoporosis, lumbar spine and hip were radiographed and BMD measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 120 men and 314 women, aged 60–99 years. Prevalence and severity of osteoarthritis were scored on osteophytes, joint space narrowing and(More)
Pathologic synovial processes in the hip joint can cause characteristic extrinsic erosions of the femoral neck, which in extreme cases produce an "apple core" appearance. Nine such cases of synovial diseases, including synovial osteochondromatosis, pigmented villonodular synovitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and amyloidosis, that demonstrate this radiographic(More)
In nine patients who underwent anterior cervical fusions for cervical spondylosis, preoperative cervical spine films were compared with radiographs taken seven to 15 years after fusion. Eight of the nine patients were found to have radiographic evidence of increased degenerative diseases located primarily below the level of fusion but occasionally occurring(More)
Radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans of 12 patients with rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine were reviewed to determine whether CT provides additional information to that obtained from conventional radiography and tomography. Modalities were compared with respect to determination of the extent of erosion, C1-C2 subluxation, atlantoaxial(More)
BACKGROUND The quadriceps weakness commonly associated with osteoarthritis of the knee is widely believed to result from disuse atrophy secondary to pain in the involved joint. However, quadriceps weakness may be an etiologic factor in the development of osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVE To explore the relation between lower-extremity weakness and osteoarthritis(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether baseline lower extremity muscle weakness is a risk factor for incident radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. METHODS This prospective study involved 342 elderly community-dwelling subjects (178 women, 164 men) from central Indiana, for whom baseline and followup (mean interval 31.3 months) knee radiographs were(More)