Ethan D Goddard-Borger

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The design and synthesis of a new diazotransfer reagent, imidazole-1-sulfonyl azide hydrochloride, are reported. This reagent has proven to equal triflyl azide in its ability to act as a "diazo donor" in the conversion of both primary amines into azides and activated methylene substrates into diazo compounds. Crucially, this reagent can be prepared in a(More)
Glycans bearing modified hydroxyl groups are common in biology but because these modifications are added after assembly, enzymes are not available for the transfer and coupling of hydroxyl-modified monosaccharide units. Access to such enzymes could be valuable, particularly if they can also introduce 'bio-orthogonal tags'. Glycosynthases, mutant(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I), caused by mutations in the gene encoding α-L-iduronidase (IDUA), is one of approximately 70 genetic disorders collectively known as the lysosomal storage diseases. To gain insight into the basis for MPS I, we crystallized human IDUA produced in an Arabidopsis thaliana cgl mutant. IDUA consists of a TIM barrel domain(More)
Imidazole-1-sulfonyl azide hydrochloride, an inexpensive and effective diazotransfer reagent, was recently found to be impact sensitive. To identify safer-to-handle forms of this reagent, several different salts of imidazole-1-sulfonyl azide were prepared, and their sensitivity to heat, impact, friction, and electrostatic discharge was quantitatively(More)
Sulfoquinovose is produced by photosynthetic organisms at a rate of 10(10) tons per annum and is degraded by bacteria as a source of carbon and sulfur. We have identified Escherichia coli YihQ as the first dedicated sulfoquinovosidase and the gateway enzyme to sulfoglycolytic pathways. Structural and mutagenesis studies unveiled the sequence signatures for(More)
Karrikins (2H-furo[2,3-c]pyran-2-ones) are potent smoke-derived germination promoters for a diverse range of plant species but, to date, their mode of action remains unknown. This paper reports the structure-activity relationship of numerous karrikin analogues to increase understanding of the key structural features of the molecule that are required for(More)
The sulfonated carbohydrate sulfoquinovose (SQ) is produced in quantities estimated at some 10 billion tonnes annually and is thus a major participant in the global sulfur biocycle. SQ is produced by most photosynthetic organisms and incorporated into the sulfolipid sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG), as well as within some archaea for incorporation into(More)
The butenolide, 3-methyl-2H-furo[2,3-c]pyran-2-one (1), has recently been identified as the germination stimulant present in smoke that promotes the germination of seeds from a wide range of plant species. In this paper, we describe the preparation of a number of analogues of 1 and compare their efficacy in promoting seed germination of three highly(More)
The enzymatic cleavage of β-1,4-mannans is achieved by endo-β-1,4-mannanases, enzymes involved in germination of seeds and microbial hemicellulose degradation, and which have increasing industrial and consumer product applications. β-Mannanases occur in a range of families of the CAZy sequence-based glycoside hydrolase (GH) classification scheme including(More)
A highly divergent route to lipophilic iminosugars that utilizes the thiol-ene reaction was developed to enable the rapid synthesis of a collection of 16 dideoxyiminoxylitols bearing various different lipophilic substituents. Enzyme kinetic analyses revealed that a number of these products are potent, low-nanomolar inhibitors of human glucocerebrosidase(More)