Learn More
Benzene-induced acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is considered a secondary form of AML, based both in theory and on limited cohort observations. Its latency, cytogenetic aberrations, and clinical features are thought similar to, or identical with, AML resulting from the use of modern day cytotoxic agents for chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Although distinction(More)
Each of two patients harboring a stable abdominal aortic aneurysm manifested severe recurrent bleeding consequent to chronic consumption coagulopathy (CCC). Both underwent successful aneurysmectomy, but in only one patient did bleeding cease and depressed clotting factors return to normal activity. In the other patient, subsequent observations suggested(More)
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently proposed a hypothetical mode of action (MOA) to explain how inhaled formaldehyde (FA) might induce leukemia, lymphoma and a variety of other lymphohematopoietic (LHP) malignancies in occupationally exposed workers. The central hypothesis requires that B lymphocytes or hematopoietic progenitor(More)
This ongoing study evaluates the efficacy of oral 9-nitrocamptothecin (9NC), or RFS-2000, in the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer. Patients received 9NC orally for 5 days/week; 8 weeks of therapy is required to achieve minimum effective dose. Starting dose was 1.5 mg/m2/day, with adjustments made as necessary. Patients were analyzed for changes in(More)
Groups of 52 and 29 patients with refractory cancers received either native camptothecin (CPT) or 9-nitrocamptothecin (9NC), respectively, in Phase I clinical trials designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose, toxicity and potential efficacy of orally administered camptothecins. Favorable responses occurred with both compounds (11% after CPT, 24%(More)
We have determined that 9-nitro-20(S)-camptothecin (9NC) converts to 9-amino-20(S)-camptothecin (9AC) in humans, dogs, and mice. Following a single oral dose of 0.1 mg/kg of 9NC, the human plasma concentration reached a maximum concentration of 483 ng/ml at 3.4 h with an area under the curve (AUC) of 2.6 micrograms.h/ml and a half-life of 2.5 h. As(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are clonal myeloid disorders characterized by progressive peripheral blood cytopenias associated with ineffective myelopoiesis. They are typically considered neoplasms because of frequent genetic aberrations and patient-limited survival with progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or death related to the consequences of(More)
The effect of fibrinogen concentration, Factor XIII deficiency, and Factor XIII inhibition, utilizing hydroxylamine, on the formation of clot structure in vitro was studied in human platelet-free plasma systems. Rheological and biochemical techniques were employed to relate changes in clot elasticity and viscosity to clot structure formation following(More)
A patient with inherited combined deficiency of factor V and factor VIII is reported, who demonstrated normal levels of factor VIII antigen and plasma cofactor for ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation. The relationship of this condition to classical hemophilia and von Willebrand's disease is discussed. The data presented suggest that multiple loci on at(More)