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Dye exclusion tests are used to determine the number of live and dead cells. These assays are based on the principle that intact plasma membranes in live cells exclude specific dyes, whereas dead cells do not. Although widely used, the trypan blue (TB) exclusion assay has limitations. The dye can be incorporated by live cells after a short exposure time,(More)
OBJECTIVES The study objectives were to evaluate the effects of adding whole-body vibration to squat training on functional performance and self-report of disease in elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN This was a prospective, randomized trial in which selected variables were evaluated at three periods: 3 weeks prior to the training,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recent studies have proposed that if a severe caloric restriction (SCR) is initiated at the earliest period of postnatal life, it can lead to beneficial cardiac adaptations later on. We investigated the effects of SCR in Wistar rats from birth to adult age on risk factors for cardiac diseases (CD), as well as cardiac function, redox(More)
The respiratory burst reaction has been studied in human granulocytes from normal subjects divided in four age groups: (I) 20-29, (II) 30-39, (III) 40-49, and (IV) 50-59 years old. Zimosan opsonized particles (OZ) were used to evaluate, simultaneously, the reducing power and the oxidizing species generation. Our results showed a strong parallelism and a(More)
Many studies have demonstrated that monocyte-derived macrophages display critical activities in immunity to parasites. The ability of these cells to process and present antigens, produce cytokines, and provide costimulatory signals demonstrates their pivotal role in initiating immune responses. Although potential modulatory function has been attributed to(More)
Although it is well known that physical training ameliorates brain oxidative function after injuries by enhancing the levels of neurotrophic factors and oxidative status, there is little evidence addressing the influence of exercise training itself on brain oxidative damage and data is conflicting. This study investigated the effect of well-established(More)
In this present paper the age-induced effect on reactive oxidizing species generated by oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) was studied using human phagocyting granulocytes. The ROS and RNS were quantified, respectively, in a chemiluminescence assay and by the measurement of nitrite production. The age-induced reactive oxidizing species generation was studied(More)
Our objective was to determine lipid peroxidation and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation in skeletal muscle and the plasma cytokine profile following maximum progressive swimming. Adult male Swiss mice (N = 15) adapted to the aquatic environment were randomly divided into three groups: immediately after exercise (EX1), 3 h after exercise (EX2) and(More)
The effect of an adventure sprint race (ASR) on T-cell proliferation, leukocyte count and muscle damage was evaluated. Seven young male runners completed an ASR in the region of Serra do Espinhaço, Brazil. The race induced a strong leukocytosis (6.22±2.04×10(3) cells/mm3 before vs 14.81±3.53×10(3) cells/mm3 after the race), marked by a significant increase(More)
Exercise promotes transitory alterations in cytokine secretion, and these changes are affected by exercise duration and intensity. Considering that exercise responses also are affected by environmental factors, the goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of water temperature on the cytokine response to maximum swimming. Swiss mice performed(More)