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We have examined the effects of a number of excitatory amino acid antagonists on transmission at the cochlear nerve-nucleus magnocellularis synapse in the chicken. Using an in vitro preparation and bath application of drugs, we studied the effects of kynurenic acid and several related substances, streptomycin and a selective N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor(More)
The concentration of intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) was measured in rat cerebellar granule cells using the fluorescent indicator fura-2. Culturing the cells as monolayers on plastic squares which could be placed into cuvettes allowed measurements of [Ca2+]i to be performed on large and homogeneous populations of CNS neurons. Granule cells so cultured(More)
The Ca2+ receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor that enables parathyroid cells and certain other cells in the body to respond to changes in the concentration of extracellular Ca2+. In this study, two novel phenylalkylamine compounds, NPS 467 and NPS 568, were examined for effects on Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing the bovine or human parathyroid Ca2+(More)
The Ca2+ receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor that enables parathyroid cells and certain other cells in the body to respond to changes in the level of extracellular Ca2+. The Ca2+ receptor is a member of a family of G protein-coupled receptors that includes metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptors, and putative(More)
The hypothesis that synaptic transmission between the auditory nerve and the cochlear nucleus is mediated by an excitatory amino acid acting through N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors was examined in an in vitro preparation of the chicken brainstem. The ability of various bath-applied excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists to inhibit(More)
The concentration of intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) was measured in dissociated bovine parathyroid cells using the fluorescent indicator quin-2 or fura-2. Small increases in the concentration of extracellular Ca2+ produced relatively slow, monophasic increases in [Ca2+]i in quin-2-loaded cells, but rapid and transient increases followed by lower, yet(More)
The effects of increased extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]e) were examined on a delayed-rectifier K+ current (IK) and an inward-rectifier K+ current (IK1) in rabbit osteoclasts. Elevation of [Ca2+]e from 1.8 to 18 mM shifted the half point for IK activation by +11.5 mV and the voltage dependence of inactivation by +9.7 mV and slowed the rate of IK(More)
The venom of the North American funnel-web spider Agelenopsis aperta contains a variety of arylamine toxins (the alpha-agatoxins) that paralyze insects by blocking glutamatergic neuromuscular transmission. We have tested six synthetic alpha-agatoxins for their ability to antagonize glutamate receptor function in mammalian brain. These compounds produce, at(More)
Various studies suggest the existence of a plasma membrane receptor on parathyroid cells that senses changes in the concentration of extracellular Ca2+. To test this hypothesis, Xenopus laevis oocytes were injected with poly(A)(+)-enriched mRNA from bovine parathyroid cells and examined for their ability to respond to increases in the concentration of(More)