Estrella Miqueléiz

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BACKGROUND The evidence on mortality patterns by education in Spain comes from regional areas. This study aimed to estimate these patterns in the whole Spanish population. METHODS All citizens aged 25 years and over and residing in Spain in 2001 were followed during 7 years to determine their vital status, resulting in a total of 196,470,401 person-years(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES To ascertain trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Spanish children and adolescents according to the socioeconomic status of the family household and area of residence across the period 1987-2007. SUBJECTS/METHODS For study purposes, data were drawn from the 1987, 1995, 1997, 2001 and 2007 Spanish National Health(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood obesity is a major problem in rich countries due to its high prevalence and its harmful health consequences. An exploratory analysis conducted in the PubMed database highlighted that the number of papers published on the relationship between socioeconomic position (SEP) and childhood-adolescent weight status had risen substantially with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the possible association of dietary patterns associated with obesity and socioeconomic status in Spanish children and adolescents. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Data were drawn from the 2007 National Health Survey, conducted on a representative sample of Spanish 0-15 years. In this study we have analyzed 6143(More)
BACKGROUND An increase has been observed in differences in mortality between the richest and poorest areas of rich countries. This study assesses whether one of the proposed explanations, i.e., population change, might be responsible for this increase in Spain. METHODS Observational study based on average income, population change and mortality at(More)
BACKGROUND Due to the lack of evidence, the objective was to show the inequalities in mortality by educational level in Navarra and the contribution of the main causes of death to the magnitude of inequalities in mortality from all causes of death. METHODS All citizens aged 25 years and older residing in Spain in 2001 were followed during 7 years to(More)
BACKGROUNDS To ascertain whether the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity had stabilised in Spain, in the same way as in other developed countries. METHODS Data were drawn from the 2001, 2006 and 2011 Spanish National Health Surveys. We estimated overweight and obesity on the basis of body mass index, and then calculated the prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of childhood obesity is higher in Spain than in Northern European countries for reasons that are still unknown. The objective was to determine whether variables related to lifestyle habits and styles of parental care related to obesity in children differ between the countries of Northern Europe and Spain. METHODS Data were(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate the association between area-level socioeconomic context and mortality in Spain, using two different geographic aggregations. Nation-wide prospective study covering all persons living in Spain in 2001. Mortality was analysed in Spanish citizens by province of residence and in citizens of Madrid by neighbourhood of(More)
BACKGROUND To show the inequalities in premature mortality according to indicators of material welfare in Navarre. METHODS All citizens under 75 years of age living in Navarre in 2001 were monitored for seven years to determine their vital status. House size and number of household vehicles was used as the socioeconomic status indicator. The age-adjusted(More)