Estrella Miqueléiz

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BACKGROUND The evidence on mortality patterns by education in Spain comes from regional areas. This study aimed to estimate these patterns in the whole Spanish population. METHODS All citizens aged 25 years and over and residing in Spain in 2001 were followed during 7 years to determine their vital status, resulting in a total of 196,470,401 person-years(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES To ascertain trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Spanish children and adolescents according to the socioeconomic status of the family household and area of residence across the period 1987-2007. SUBJECTS/METHODS For study purposes, data were drawn from the 1987, 1995, 1997, 2001 and 2007 Spanish National Health(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood obesity is a major problem in rich countries due to its high prevalence and its harmful health consequences. An exploratory analysis conducted in the PubMed database highlighted that the number of papers published on the relationship between socioeconomic position (SEP) and childhood-adolescent weight status had risen substantially with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the possible association of dietary patterns associated with obesity and socioeconomic status in Spanish children and adolescents. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Data were drawn from the 2007 National Health Survey, conducted on a representative sample of Spanish 0-15 years. In this study we have analyzed 6143(More)
BACKGROUND An increase has been observed in differences in mortality between the richest and poorest areas of rich countries. This study assesses whether one of the proposed explanations, i.e., population change, might be responsible for this increase in Spain. METHODS Observational study based on average income, population change and mortality at(More)
BACKGROUNDS To ascertain whether the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity had stabilised in Spain, in the same way as in other developed countries. METHODS Data were drawn from the 2001, 2006 and 2011 Spanish National Health Surveys. We estimated overweight and obesity on the basis of body mass index, and then calculated the prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND Estimates of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality coming from individual data sources were only available from Madrid, the Basque Country and the city of Barcelona. The aim of this study was to show the geographical pattern of mortality in different socio-economic groups, as well as that of inequalities in mortality in the whole Spanish(More)
OBJECTIVE Geographic patterns in total mortality and in mortality by cause of death are widely known to exist in many countries. However, the geographic pattern of inequalities in mortality within these countries is unknown. This study shows mathematically and graphically the geographic pattern of mortality inequalities by education in Spain. METHODS Data(More)
BACKGROUND Given the importance of mortality rates in each socioeconomic group, as explanation for the variation in mortality inequalities across populations, the objective of the present study is to evaluate whether regional variation in mortality inequalities in Spain is related to the mortality rates in different socioeconomic groups. METHODS The study(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate the association between area-level socioeconomic context and mortality in Spain, using two different geographic aggregations. Nation-wide prospective study covering all persons living in Spain in 2001. Mortality was analysed in Spanish citizens by province of residence and in citizens of Madrid by neighbourhood of(More)