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Quakers, Coercion, and Pre‐Modern Growth: Why Friends’ Formal Institutions for Contract Enforcement Did Not Matter for Early Modern Trade Expansion
During the late seventeenth century the Atlantic trade experienced unprecedented growth. The New Institutional Economists attribute this to the emergence of new institutions for property rightsExpand
A faith of merchants: Quakers and institutional change in the early modern Atlantic, c.1660-1800.
Quakers were disproportionately successful in commerce during the period in which Britain emerged as the world’s leading trading nation. Analysing the causes of their success sheds light on ourExpand
An investigation of early modern Quakers’ business ethics
During the late seventeenth century, when the Atlantic trade experienced unprecedented growth, Quakers emerged as the region’s most prominent trading community. Economic Historians credit the groupExpand
Re-evaluating the role of voluntary organisations: merchant networks, the Baltic and the expansion of European long-distance trade
Based on a letter book of the London Baltic merchant Michael Mitford dating 1703-1707 this paper argues that the ability of merchant networks to secure property rights in long distance trade must beExpand
Reformation and Reputation
Law and Gospel Order: resolving commercial disputes in colonial Philadelphia
Abstract Trade in the early modern Atlantic grew a great deal. While acknowledging that this growth had important economic, social and cultural consequences, scholars have yet to fully explain itsExpand
The Quaker Reformation
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