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Ovarian cancer is a lethal gynecological malignancy, and to improve survival, it is important to identify novel prognostic and therapeutic targets. In this study, we present a role for p21-activated kinase 4 (Pak4) in ovarian cancer progression. We show a significant association between increased expression of Pak4 and its activated form, phosphorylated(More)
Gestational trophoblastic disease encompasses a spectrum of trophoblastic lesions including true neoplasms such as choriocarcinomas and the potentially malignant hydatidiform moles, which may develop persistent disease requiring chemotherapy. ASPP1, a member of apoptosis-stimulating proteins of p53 (ASPPs), is a proapoptotic protein that can stimulate(More)
Gestational trophoblastic disease includes choriocarcinoma, a frankly malignant tumor, and hydatidiform mole (HM), which often leads to the development of persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and requires chemotherapy. NANOG is an important transcription factor that is crucial for maintaining embryonic stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency. We(More)
This study investigated the expression and methylation profiles of SOX2, a stem cell-related transcription factor, in placentas and gestational trophoblastic disease. The methylation status of SOX2 promoter region in 55 hydatidiform moles, 4 choriocarcinoma, 23 first trimester, and 15 term placentas was evaluated by methylation-specific polymerase chain(More)
In this report, we demonstrated that overexpression of tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) was associated with shorter survival in ovarian cancer patients. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), the TrkB ligand, induced activation (phosphorylation) of TrkB in a dose dependent manner. Besides demonstrating the effect of BDNF/TrkB pathway in enhancing(More)
PURPOSE iASPP is a specific regulator of p53-mediated apoptosis. Herein, we provided the first report on the expression profile of iASPP in ovarian epithelial tumor and its effect on paclitaxel chemosensitivity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression and amplification status of iASPP was examined in 203 clinical samples and 17 cell lines using(More)
Aberrant activation of hedgehog (HH) pathway has been implicated in the development of human malignancies. This study aimed at investigating the role of HH molecules in human ovarian carcinogenesis. The expression profiles of HH molecules were examined in ovarian tumor samples and ovarian cancer cell lines and the in vitro effects of HH molecules on cell(More)
Despite being an essential vitamin, folate has been implicated to enhance tumor growth, as evidenced by reports on overexpression of folate receptor alpha (FRα) in carcinomas. The role of another folate transporter, reduced folate carrier (RFC), is largely unknown. This study investigated the roles of folate, FRα and RFC in ovarian cancers. We demonstrated(More)
Uterine cervical cancer, the second most frequently occurring cancer in women worldwide, is tightly associated with the expression of high-risk human papillomavirus [mainly human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 and HPV18] oncogenes E6 and E7 and characteristically exhibits chromosomal instability. However, the mechanisms underlying chromosomal instability in(More)
The hedgehog and Wnt signaling pathways play important roles in human cancers with possible interaction. This study aimed at analysis and correlation of the expression of Gli1, a transcriptional factor and target gene of hedgehog signaling pathway, with clinicopathological parameters and expression of beta-catenin, an important member of the Wnt pathway, in(More)