Esther Román Fuentes

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The function of the pancreatic beta-cell is the storage and release of insulin, the main hormone involved in blood glucose homeostasis. The results in this article show that the widespread environmental contaminant bisphenol-A (BPA) imitates 17beta-estradiol (E2) effects in vivo on blood glucose homeostasis through genomic and nongenomic pathways. The(More)
Glucagon, secreted from pancreatic alpha-cells integrated within the islets of Langerhans, is involved in the regulation of glucose metabolism by enhancing the synthesis and mobilization of glucose in the liver. In addition, it has other extrahepatic effects ranging from lipolysis in adipose tissue to the control of satiety in the central nervous system. In(More)
Insulin is the main hormone involved in the regulation of glycaemia, its impaired secretion is a hallmark of type I and type II diabetic individuals. Additionally, insulin is involved in lipogenesis and weight gain, provoking an anorexigenic action. The endocannabinoid system contributes to the physiological regulation of energy balance, food intake and(More)
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are hormone-like agents present in the environment that alter the endocrine system of wildlife and humans. Most EDCs have potencies far below those of the natural hormone 17beta-E2 when acting through the classic estrogen receptors (ERs). Here, we show that the environmental estrogen Bisphenol-A and the native hormone(More)
Recent reports have described the presence of cannabinoid CB1 receptors in pancreatic islets. Here we show that administration of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide or the selective cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist Arachidonyl-2'-chloroethylamide (ACEA) results in glucose intolerance after a glucose load. This effect is reversed by the selective(More)
Pancreatic beta-cells constitute a well-communicating multicellular network that permits a coordinated and synchronized signal transmission within the islet of Langerhans that is necessary for proper insulin release. Gap junctions are the molecular keys that mediate functional cellular connections, which are responsible for electrical and metabolic coupling(More)
Pancreatic islets are neuroendocrine organs that control blood glucose homeostasis. The precise interplay of a heterogeneous group of cell populations (β, α, δ and PP cells) results in the fine-tuned release of counterbalanced hormones (insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptide respectively). Under the premises of detailed knowledge of the(More)
An exogenous substance is defined as an endocrine disrupter chemical (EDC) if it alters the function of the endocrine system provoking adverse health effects. Environmental estrogens are the most studied EDCs. They follow the same mechanisms of action as the gonadal hormone 17beta-estradiol. Up to now, the estrogenicity of environmental estrogenic(More)
Here we show that the activation of cannabinoid CB2 receptors improved glucose tolerance after a glucose load. Blockade of cannabinoid CB2 receptors counteracted this effect, leading to glucose intolerance. Since blockade of cannabinoid CB1 receptors mimics the actions of cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonists, we propose that the endocannabinoid system(More)