Esther R. Marx

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The patterns of associated brain activations during eyes-open and eyes-closed states in complete darkness considerably differ in fMRI. An "interoceptive" state with the eyes closed is characterized by visual cortex activation, while an "exteroceptive" state with the eyes open is characterized by ocular motor system activity. The impact of the chosen rest(More)
Single subject and group analyses (n = 12) showed that the eyes-open and eyes-closed states in complete darkness considerably and consistently differ in the patterns of associated brain activation in fMRI. During nonchanging external stimulation, ocular motor and attentional systems were activated when the eyes were open; the visual, somatosensory,(More)
We used BOLD fMRI to study the differential effects of the direction of gaze on the visual and the ocular motor systems. Fixation of a target straight ahead was compared to fixation of a target 10 degrees to the right and 10 degrees to the left from gaze straight ahead, and to eyes open in complete darkness in thirteen healthy volunteers. While retinotopic(More)
To determine the contribution of extracranial oxygenation on regional cerebral oxygenation measured by an Invos 3100 near-infrared spectrometer, we measured oxygenation in blood drawn from both the facial vein (draining substantially blood from forehead areas) and the jugular venous bulb. There was no correlation between regional cerebral oxygenation and(More)
AIMS Hypoglycaemic symptoms and hormonal counter-regulation are of high importance to avoid the risk of severe hypoglycaemia in patients with diabetes mellitus. Various antihypertensive drugs, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, have been suspected for a long time to reduce this response to hypoglycaemia in diabetic subjects. Although(More)