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This work investigated the cellular location of the pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFO) enzyme in Entamoeba. A 1.9 kb fragment located at the 3' end of the Ehpfo gene was cloned in the pRSETB vector and expressed. The recombinant peptide was purified and inoculated in rabbits. By Western blot assays the antibodies detected a single 130 kDa band in all(More)
The cell cycle of Entamoeba histolytica, the duration of its phases, and the details of the nuclear division stages are described in this paper. Trophozoites from clone L-6, strain HM1:IMSS, were synchronized by colchicine. Synchrony was observed immediately after treatment and cultures remained synchronous for at least three replicative cycles with(More)
In this paper, we attempted to define the role of phagocytosis in the virulence of Entamoeba histolytica. We have isolated, from a highly phagocytic and virulent strain, a clone deficient in phagocytosis. Trophozoites of wild-type strain HM1:IMSS were fed with Escherichia coli strain CR34-Thy- grown on 5-bromo,2'-deoxyuridine. The trophozoites that had(More)
Entamoeba histolytica, a protozoan intestinal parasite, is the causative agent of human amebiasis. Amebiasis is the fourth leading cause of death and the third leading cause of morbidity due to protozoan infections worldwide(1), resulting in ~70,000 deaths annually. E. histolytica has been listed by the National Institutes of Health as a category B priority(More)
We present here the cloning and characterization of the EhPgp1 multidrug resistance gene promoter isolated from the Entamoeba histolytica drug-resistant mutant clone C2. The EhPgp1 promoter lacks the typical TATA box and the transcriptional initiation sequences described for other E. histolytica promoters. The major transcription initiation site of the(More)
We report here the presence of cytoplasmic DNA arranged in networks in the trophozoites of the human parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Cytoplasmic DNA was detected in live trophozoites in a structure that we called EhkO, using the fluorescent dye acridine orange, and by in situ hybridization to trophozoites with a rDNA probe. The EhkO was found in the(More)
The adherence of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites to target cells was studied by using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and adhesion-deficient mutants of the parasite. MAbs Adh-1 and Adh-2 reacted with a surface protein of approximately 112 kDa of the total proteins of trophozoites from the wild type strain, clone A, strain HM1:IMSS. Both MAbs reacted weakly(More)
Here, we present evidence that a cysteine protease (EhCP112) and a protein with an adherence domain (EhADH112) form the Entamoeba histolytica 112 kDa adhesin. Immunoelectron microscopy and immunofluorescence assays using monoclonal antibodies (mAbAdh) revealed that, during phagocytosis, the adhesin is translocated from the plasma membrane to phagocytic(More)
We identified here a 576 bp rab-like gene (EhrabB) in Entamoeba histolytica. EhrabB is located 332 bp upstream from the start codon of the Ehcp112 encoding gene, but is transcribed from the complementary strand. The EhrabB open reading frame predicts a 192 amino acid polypeptide (EhRabB) with 40-42% identity to Rab proteins, involved in vesicle docking(More)
Purified rat colonic mucins inhibit Entamoeba histolytica in vitro adherence to and lysis of colonic epithelial cells by binding to the amoebic galactose/N-acetyl-D-galactosamine (Gal/GalNAc)-inhibitable adherence lectin. We found that 125I-labeled mucins demonstrated saturable Gal-specific binding to E. histolytica trophozoites (strain HM1:IMSS), with 2.8(More)