Esther M Forti

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the individual and social determinants of rural nurses' willingness to care for people with AIDS (PWAs). Willingness to care was viewed as a function of nurses' personal attitudes about AIDS care and PWAs; the influence of normative (significant others), comparative (the nursing profession), and generalized (the(More)
This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Nurses' Attitudes About AIDS Scale (NAAS). Based on a review of the literature on attitude theory and measurement and on HIV/AIDS, 273 items were developed for inclusion in the scale. Content validity was established by a panel of ten nurses in current practice, six experts in AIDS(More)
BACKGROUND Rural areas suffer from a lack of primary care physicians. Efforts to retain physicians should focus on modifying or changing attributes of rural practice that are considered by physicians to be undesirable. A practice support outreach program (PSOP) is one initiative expected to enhance retention in rural areas by addressing negative aspects of(More)
The increased incidence of AIDS in rural areas of the United States has called attention to the practice of universal precautions by rural nurses. The purpose of this research was to determine protective barrier use by 555 nurses living in rural counties in Pennsylvania and New York State and the effect on this use of their knowledge of their patients' HIV(More)
This article delineates the current and future trends related to aging in the United States. The demographic and economic forces outlined are ones that will clearly challenge health services leaders and policy-makers in the coming decades. Various policy interventions and strategies currently underway to address the needs of the aging population are(More)
This study examined the relationship between profiles of rural registered nurses' levels of compliance with the use of personal protective equipment and HIV-related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 395 practicing registered nurses in nine rural counties in New York and Pennsylvania. Cluster analysis grouped respondents according to their use of(More)
Family physicians provide the greatest proportion of care in rural communities. Yet, the number of physicians choosing family practice and rural practice has continued to decline. Undesirable aspects of rural practice, such as professional isolation and a lack of or inadequate resources, are assumed to be associated with this decline. This article reports(More)
This article describes the process, approaches, and selected outcomes of a rural care management outreach intervention for older African Americans in South Carolina. The model is a community-academic partnership between a federally qualified community health center, a rural health clinic, and the Medical University of South Carolina. Its aim is to improve(More)
Service learning for students in the health professions can best be described as an educational methodology based on the collaboration between an academic discipline and a community agency to link student learning with community-based service. This paper describes a service-learning model in rural and medically underserved communities used in a master in(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between rural critical care nurses' attitudes about acquired immunedeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and people with AIDS (PWAs), and their willingness to provide care to AIDS patients. Sixty-one critical care nurses in nine rural counties in the northeastern USA completed a mailed questionnaire as part of(More)