Esther Lubzens

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One of the major objectives of the aquaculture industry is the production of a large number of viable eggs with high survival. Major achievements have been made in recent years in improving protocols for higher efficiency of egg production and viability of progeny. Main gaps remain, however, in understanding the dynamic processes associated with oogenesis,(More)
In marine fish, meiosis resumption is associated with a remarkable hydration of the oocyte, which contributes to the survival and dispersal of eggs and early embryos in the ocean. The accumulation of ions and the increase in free amino acids generated from the cleavage of yolk proteins (YPs) provide the osmotic mechanism for water influx into the oocyte, in(More)
Bdelloid rotifers are microinvertebrates with unique characteristics: they have survived tens of millions of years without sexual reproduction; they withstand extreme desiccation by undergoing anhydrobiosis; and they tolerate very high levels of ionizing radiation. Recent evidence suggests that subtelomeric regions of the bdelloid genome contain sequences(More)
The rotifer Brachionus plicatilis (O.F. Muller) can be mass cultivated in large quantities and is an important live feed in aquaculture. This rotifer is commonly offered to larvae during the first 7–30 days of exogenous feeding. Variation in prey density affects larval fish feeding rates, rations, activity, evacuation time, growth rates and growth(More)
Penaeoid shrimp oocytes nearing the completion of oogenesis are enveloped in an acellular vitelline envelope and possess extracellular cortical rods (CRs) that extended into the cortical cytoplasm. These cortical specializations are precursors of the jelly layer (JL) of the egg. In searching for highly expressed mRNAs during oogenesis in the marine shrimp(More)
Several complex processes are involved in the production of viable eggs. The aim of this review is to provide an overview on the role played by lysosomal enzymes, especially cathepsins B, D, and L, during ovarian follicle growth and maturation. Specific attention is focused on the relationship between the second proteolytic cleavage of yolk proteins (YP)(More)
Microscopic monogonont rotifers, including the euryhaline species Brachionus plicatilis, are typically found in water bodies where environmental factors restrict population growth to short periods lasting days or months. The survival of the population is ensured via the production of resting eggs that show a remarkable tolerance to unfavorable conditions(More)
Of the three Brachionus species used in aquaculture, Brachionus rubens, B. calycilorus and B. plicatilis, the latter is most widely used in raising marine fish and shrimp larvae due to its tolerance to the marine environment. In freshwater aquaculture the use of B. rubens and B. calycilorus is limited, probably because inert food products are readily(More)
The source of yolk proteins in crustacean ovaries has been the subject of controversy for several decades, and both extraovarian and intraovarian synthesized proteins have been implicated. To offer a new insight into the relationship of vitellogenin (VTG) and vitellin (VT), a comparison of extraovarian VTG and ovarian VT of the marine shrimp Penaeus(More)