Esther L. Brown

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The connection between frequency of form use and form reduction in language has been widely studied. After controlling for multiple contextual factors associated with reduction, word frequency, which reflects a speaker's cumulative experience with a word, has been reported to predict several types of pronunciation reduction. However, word frequency effects(More)
Using a corpus of Medieval Spanish text, we examine factors affecting the Modern Standard Spanish outcome of the initial /f/ in Latin FV-words. Regression analyses reveal that the frequency of a word's use in extralexical phonetic reducing environments and lexical stress patterns significantly predict the modern distribution of f-([f]) and h-(Ø) in the(More)
MMPI protocols of 40 asthmatic patients who produced nude DAPs were compared to a matched control group of equal number, Independent t tests computed for the validity and clinical scales of the MMPI between groups yielded not a single statistically significant difference. In contrast to the importance generally ascribed to global ratings of DAP figures, the(More)
The role of perception in sound change is an open question. Perception may serve a functional purpose in sound change, for example, leading to enhanced distinctions, or it may affect sound change non-functionally as a result of misperception. This dissertation addresses this question by examining the stop/approximant alternation in Spanish. Traditional(More)
This work examines the role of the stage-level (SL)/individual-level (IL) distinction applied to nouns in a case of morphosyntactic regularization in Spanish: variable reanalysis of the NP argument as subject in the presentational haber construction (había/habían perros). We conduct variationist, quantitative analyses on all instances of existential haber(More)
Missing from the body of literature on contact induced phonological influence are studies that examine language variation as it occurs in speech production among members of a speech community. This study uses a corpus of naturally occurring Spanish/English code-switched discourse to determine whether cross-language phonological effects are evident in the(More)
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